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close this bookBoiling Point No. 30 - April 1993 (ITDG - ITDG, 1993, 48 p.)
View the documentSales & Subsidies
View the documentWhy Commercialization for Stoves ?
View the documentReport of the International Seminar on Stove Commercialization
View the documentCommercial Marketing for the Indian NPIC- National Programme on Improved Chulhas
View the documentA Commercial Drop in an Ocean of Subsidy
View the documentCommercialization of Kenya's Rural Stove Programme
View the documentAhibenso - The Improved Ghana Coalpot
View the documentCooking Stoves for Commercial, Sustainable Production & Dissemination in Africa
View the documentPoor Project Planning & Unsuitable Stoves
View the documentChulhas for Tibetan, Communities in India
View the documentGTZ Section
View the documentStove Dissemination in China
View the documentStove Designing For Successful Marketing
View the documentPractical Tips for a Marketing Strategy
View the documentESMAP in the 1990s
View the documentFiji Woodburning Stoves
View the documentThe Health Impacts of Biomass & Coal Smoke in Africa
View the documentSmoke Gets in your Eyes-and Forms Cataracts
View the documentNEWS

Stove Dissemination in China

by Lui Hongpeng, Engineer, Project Officer of Dept. of Energy and Environmental Protection, Ministry of Agriculture, CHINA

By the end of 1990, the Chinese government had selected 786 pilot counties, one third of the whole country, to popularize the improved stoves. 129 million improved stoves were built - that means nearly 58% of rural households had new stoves to cook on and 18 million rural households own the commercialized stoves.

Commercialized stoves means that the whole or parts of improved stoves are made in factories and sold in shops. Since 1988, the Chinese government has supplemented by 50% the stoves commercialization proportion in its National Improved Stoves Pilot County Evaluation Criteria (formulated by the Ministry of Agriculture), in order to promote quality and high efficiency as well as strengthen the results of stoves dissemination. Thus, stoves commercialization has gained great attention and developed rapidly.

Institutions and organizations at different levels began to research and produce various stoves to suit the different cooking/food habits in rural households. Some of these were welcomed by farmers and country Rural Energy Extension Offices - responsible for improved stove promotion. For instance, the NG-I/NG-II firewood saving stoves which could be installed by mould. A national centre (NTC) was set up by the Ministry of Agriculture in 1990 to test the efficiency and quality of firewood and coal saving stoves for rural households.

Improved Stoves Commercialized Constraints

Although the Chinese government subsidized the National Improved Stoves Pilot County for demonstration and technical training, most rural households still cannot afford the new stoves for the following reasons:

· Higher prices The average pace of improved stoves in the markets is 150 yuan (1U$=5.8 yuan). Some stoves with multi-functions are from 30010 500 yuan even to 1,000 yuan. This would be accepted by fanners in coastal areas and suburbs, but not in middle and western where the income of farmers is less than 300 yuan.

· Lack of coordination of production, supply and sale The improved stoves manufacturing is a new industry, still lacking techniques and financial support. In addition, there are some different customs from place to place, especially in China with about 1 billion population in rural areas. Retail sellers know little about the distribution structures and cannot react quickly when users have trouble with their stoves.

· Transportation Most of the stoves are heavy and large and easily damaged and so are difficult to transport long distances. Generally, the distribution network for a factory is about 50 to 100km.