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close this bookBoiling Point No. 45 - Low-cost Electrification for Household Energy (ITDG - ITDG, 2000, 44 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentPreface
View the documentTheme editorial: Low-cost electrification; the need for access to energy services
View the documentRural energy development: an integrated approach in Nepal
View the documentGaining ground in community micro-hydro power development in Kenya
View the documentRural electrification in Nepal: Experiences of an integrative social contextual approach
View the documentFuel for lighting; an expensive commodity
View the documentDemand side management for rural Nepal
View the document‘Micro-privatising’ rural power distribution - mass produced community development in Orissa, India
View the documentGTZ pages
View the documentElectricity for the Urban Poor
View the documentWindpower: Small is beautiful
View the documentManagement of sustainable photovoltaic solar energy in the semi-arid region of the State of Pernambuco, Brazil
View the documentTariffs for rural grid electrification
View the documentFrom candles to compact fluorescents
View the documentConsumer response to mobile solar water heating in the low-income sector, South Africa
View the documentClay Grate Development in Chibau Khera, India
View the documentWhat’s happening in household energy?
View the documentPublications & Letters
View the documentITDG energy news

Publications & Letters


Commercial production of energy efficient biomass stoves for the commercial and institutional sector: Manual for producers, promoters and users

Energy for Sustainable Development of the UK have produced a manual for those wanting to establish and promote the commercial production of large fuel- efficient wood stoves for commercial or institutional cooking. This manual was prepared as part of the UK Government DFID KaR project Deployment of Commercial Energy Efficient Cooking R6848. Partners in the project were Rural Technology Enterprises of Nairobi, Kenya and Megen Power of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The document can be received free by electronic copy or, if a hard copy is required, by sending £.10 (UK) to cover copying and postage.

Contact: Alastair Gill, Energy for Sustainable Development Ltd (ESD), Over-moor Farm, Neston, Corsham, Wiltshire, SN13 9TZ, UK.
Tel: +44 1225 816806
Fax: +44 1225 812103

A survey of biomass gasification 2000

Tom Reed, Siddhartha Gaur

The authors have surveyed the biomass gasification scene for the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and the Biomass Energy Foundation. The book presents a comprehensive overview of the current state of gasification technology and a summary of the gasifier manufacturers or projects that are currently available. One chapter is devoted to small gasifier systems (<10MW), another on large systems (>10MW) and a third on research organizations. The book provides a very clear introduction to the whole subject of gasification, is comprehensively illustrated, and is also an excellent reference for finding out more on this important topic. ISBN 1-890607-13-4 pp. 180 $25 + p&p.

Contact: E-mail order to or Mail orders to The Biomass Energy Foundation Press, 1810 Smith Rd., Golden, CO 80401, USA

Capturing Heat; Books 1 & 2

The Aprovecho Research Center has produced three booklets on low-cost efficient energy technologies.

Capturing Heat; Five earth-friendly cooking technologies and how to build them

Capturing Heat two; Fuel efficient cooking stoves with chimneys, a pizza oven and simple water heaters; how to design and build them

Cooking food safely and efficiently with fire

All three of these publications give many good ideas expressed very clearly on inexpensive ways that can be tried to reduce fuel-wood use. They also explain why these methods work, so the books are also a very useful starting point for understanding the important criteria involved when developing stoves with a particular community in mind. The cost is seven dollars per book or free for the cost of return postage to those working in the field.

Contact: Dean Still, Aprovecho Research Center, 80574, Hazelton Road, Cottage Grove, Oregon, 97424. Email:


The October issue of ENERGIA News, from the International Network on Women and Sustainable Energy, has been released. This issue is based on the African Regional workshop on “Women and Sustainable Energy in Africa”, Nairobi, Kenya, in March 2000.

The December issue will be based on the Energy and Gender Workshop conducted at the World Renewable Energy Congress in Brighton, UK in July this year.

To obtain a copy of ENERGIA News, please contact:

ENERGIA News Secretariat, c/o ETC
Energy, P.O. Box 64, 3830 AB Leusden,
The Netherlands;
Tel: +31.(0)33.4326044,
Fax: +31.(0)33.4940791,
Website at:

‘Glow’ is back

The journal ‘Glow’ has made a welcome return to our bookshelves. As the Asia Regional Cookstove Program (ARECOP) starts a new phase, the opening article gives a glimpse of the anticipated activities. Other articles include a project making high quality charcoal in Thailand, a case study on the manufacture of the Thai Bucket stove, and a National Training on Improved Stove Selection and Dissemination. Glow will be published four times per year, along with a monthly bulletin ‘Letter from the Secretariat’.

Contact: ARECOP, Jl. Kaliurang Km. 7, Gang Jurugsari IV/19, PO box 19 YKBS, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia. Email Web-site:

Wood energy news

The latest edition of Wood Energy News (published by the Regional Wood Energy Development Programme in Asia) looks at wood-fuel from non-forest areas; policies for encouraging planting and management, methodologies for estimating wood resources, residues, case studies etc. The journal highlights the fact that non-forest areas are major suppliers of woodfuels.

A CD-Rom from RWEDP, containing nearly 40 publications in the field of wood energy, is available for those who cannot access the website.

Contact: The Secretariat RWEDP (GCP/RAS/154/NET) FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, Mali-wan Mansion, Phra Atit Road, Bangkok 10200 Thailand. Email, Internet:


Dear Editor:

According to one estimate the 14 Asian countries (excluding Japan) will spend $ 456 billions on generation, transmission and distribution in this decade.

Almost two-thirds of the new capacity in the developing world, or 244,000 MW, will be built in Asia. This capacity is equal to about 250 nuclear reactors. The environmental and social problems associated with this expansion are also formidable.

Advanced lighting fixtures, electronic ballasts, high-energy compact fluorescent lights, and more efficient lighting controls can produce more light at less cost. Using compact fluorescents can save 75 per cent of the energy of an incandescent bulb. More efficient industrial motors can also save electricity, with quick payback periods in the form of reduced electricity costs. According to Mr. Ashok Gadgil, a lighting specialist at California’s Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, it costs six times as much to build new generating capacity as to achieve an equivalent amount of conservation using compact fluorescents. Energy planners should adopt the motto, ‘cutting a unit of demand has the same effect as increasing a unit of supply.

Dr A. Jagadeesh, Convener, Nayudamma Centre for Development Alternatives 2/210 First Floor, Nawabpet, NELLORE 524 002, Andhra Pradesh, India E-mail: