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close this bookBoiling Point No. 43 - Fuel Options for Household Energy (ITDG - ITDG, 1999, 44 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentTechnical Enquiries to ITDG
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View the documentEditorial and Production Team
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View the documentHousehold energy - Choices for the new Millennium
View the documentFuel options for household energy in Northwest Bengal, India
View the documentThe Fulgora sawdust burning stove
View the documentA compressing machine for briquetting biomass waste into usable fuel
View the documentThe Haybox for energy conservation
View the documentKerosene as a cooking fuel: What are the prospects?
View the documentSmall wind generators - Their impact on people
View the documentSmall wind generators for battery charging in Peru and Sri Lanka
View the documentGTZ pages
View the documentIndonesian sun-cooking: A social perspective
View the documentSolar Photovoltaics (PV) - A successful renewable energy
View the documentA new clean household fuel for developing countries
View the documentImproved cooking stove for charcoal and briquettes
View the documentImproved cooking stoves for rural and tribal families
View the documentField research programme on energy technology, health, and the environment
View the documentUrban household energy and food preparation in Nigeria
View the documentCase studies from Boiling Point impact study
View the documentPublications and CD-Rom
View the documentWhat's happening in household energy?
View the documentLetters to the editor
View the documentITDG energy news
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ITDG energy news

Sri Lanka

Energy Forum; developing and popularising decentralised energy options

This project, now in its third year, has shifted its focus in favour of institutional strengthening, and looking at new end uses and future directions. Biogas technology as a means of large-scale garbage disposal and producing environmentally friendly fertiliser, is clearly a new end use with far reaching benefits to the country. The project continues its widespread promotion of decentralised energy options in the following ways:

· Providing support for Energy Forum to transform itself from an informal grouping into a registered independent organisation

· Organising an international workshop on biogas to share the experience and expertise prior to consolidating the project.

· The partnership that the project built up during the year with the state-run television station - Sri Lanka Rupavahini Corporation (SLRC), enabled many of the videos produced by the project to be telecast over SLRC at a modest cost.

· Developing a database on rural energy demand and supply covering four provinces in Sri Lanka.

In the area of biogas, the Department of Animal Production & Health continued to be the leading state agency that actively contributed to the replication of the technology. A recent survey conducted by the project has shown that 45% of the institutions working with the project have included biogas as a part of their organisation's mandate. This is indeed a very positive outcome of the project.

Although this technology is often linked with energy supply, according to the above survey, 34% of the biogas plant owners have cited the use of slurry as a fertiliser, as the main reason for investing on biogas. However, this aspect of the technology needs further study and on-going research at the University of Ruhuna funded by the project, would make a positive contribution towards this subject.

Biogas is the topic on which the largest numbers of people seek energy information and further assistance. This was revealed through the analysis of enquiries received by the project in response to activities concerning the energy campaign.

The project commissioned the first ever off-grid wind/biogas electricity system in Sri Lanka that supplies AC electricity to twenty-two households in Weniwelara. This has attracted the attention of people from other remote villages, school children, university students and state officials.

Contact: Sanjeewani Munasinghe, Energy Forum, ITDG Sri Lanka, No. 5, Lionel Edirisinghe Mawatha, Kirulapone, Colombo-5, Sri Lanka. Telephone: 852149, 829412-5: Fax: 836188. E-mail:

ITDG Nepal

Increasing access to information at village level

ITDG supports the Community Awareness and Development Centre (CADEC), a local NGO, in the publication of a micro-hydro quarterly newsletter in the Nepali language. Seven issues have been published within the project period, with a current circulation of 2000 copies, distributed at village level.

The newsletter contains both news and articles on micro-hydro, which are educative and which increase the awareness of rural people on the subject. Practical information on technical, financial and management aspects of micro-hydro are featured, so that plant owners and technicians can solve some of the problems they face in operation, maintenance and management of their systems. The newsletter also serves as a medium of networking among practitioners, owners and promoters. A reader survey will be conducted during 1999-00 to evaluate its impact and relevance.

Contact: Bhola Shrestha, ITDG Nepal, P 0 Box 15135, Tangal, Kathmandu, Nepal. Telephone: 00 977 1-434354; 00 977 1 415477; Fax: 00 977 1 434354 E-Mail

ITDG UK projects

Best practice for micro-hydro

The purpose of this study is to provide independent, authoritative and detailed documentation of current micro-hydro schemes between 10 and 200 kW capacity. The project will establish the financial condition of existing schemes, and identify 'best practice' in providing and financing the infrastructure necessary to support the expansion or 'scaling up' of micro-hydro power development.

The project involves researchers and advisers in Nepal, Peru, Sri Lanka and Zimbabwe and advisors in the UK, the USA and Denmark. The methodology includes a checklist of key data, and a model to carry out micro-economic analysis. Within this framework, preliminary drafts have been produced which give an overview on the micro-hydro sector, and some of the schemes have been selected for micro-economic analysis.

Country reports have been produced for Peru, Sri Lanka, Nepal and Zimbabwe/Mozambique. Two workshops have been organised in Peru and Sri Lanka

Contact: Smail Khennas, ITDG Head Office, Schumacher Centre for Technology & Development, Bourton Hall, Bourton on Dunsmore, Rugby CV23 9QZ, UK.