|Where Women Have No Doctor - A Health Guide for Women (Hesperian Foundation, 1997, 600 p.)|
|Chapter 14: Infertility (When You Are Not Able to Have a Baby)|
We say a couple is infertile if they cannot get pregnant after having sex together a few times a month for a year, without using a family planning method. A couple may also have a fertility problem if they have had 3 or more miscarriages (lost pregnancies) in a row.
Normal fertility Healthy sperm swim through the womb to the healthy egg.
A man or woman who has already had a child can also become infertile. A problem can develop in the years after the last child was born.
Sometimes the problem is not the mans or the womans alone but a combination of the two. And sometimes both partners seem to be healthy and no doctor or test can find out what is causing the problem.
Habits such as drinking too much alcohol, smoking or chewing tobacco, and using drugs can all affect a mans or a womans fertility.