|Training for Elected Leadership - The Councillor as Enabler (HABITAT, 1994, 18 p.)|
|Part II - Workshop on the councillor as enabler|
Time required: 90 minutes
This exercise is to expand on some of the ideas about the importance of involving key people in the process of solving problems and making decisions about issues that affect them. Using community groups to plan and participate in problem-solving can lead to the resolution of many seemingly unresolvable problems.
Ask participants to identify a problem in their city which seems to be unsolvable using the city's own human and material resources. If there is a team or teams present from the same council, ask them to work on a current problem facing them as a council.
Divide participants into smaller groups of six to ten. Ask each small group to prepare a "stakeholder's map" consisting of the names of individuals, groups, or organizations that are directly influenced by actions taken by others relative to the problem or that would have a stake in seeing the problem solved. Ask participants to draw their maps on newsprint sheets using the example on the next page as a guide.
After about 15 minutes of map-making, have small groups report. In the ensuing discussion, have the various groups assist one another in adding to their respective lists of stakeholders.
When each group has reported and received assistance from other groups, reconvene the small groups and ask them to complete three tasks:
1. Identify the three to five most important stakeholders;
2. State why they are the most important stakeholders;
3. Describe how the council might go about getting the most important stakeholders involved.
Ask each small group to report its results in a plenary session and ask participants to critique each other's presentations.
End the exercise with a general discussion of the importance of involving others (enabling them) and the various ways that local governments can collabourate with others in the delivery of programmes and services.
ILLUSTRATIVE STAKHOLDER'S MAP
In this example, the councillor represents a rural area which today has 10 per cent of its population receiving potable water. The council is responsible for finding a way to participate successfully in the national goal of a potable water supply for 90 per cent of the country's rural population in 10 years. The national government has adopted a strategy of reaching this goal through a network of community-based water systems. The councillor in the example has identified the stakeholders involved in carrying out this strategy and has entered their titles in the oval-shaped figures. As you can see, a circle at the centre of the map contains the goal.