Cover Image
close this bookTraining for Elected Leadership - The Councillor as Policy-maker (HABITAT, 1994, 20 p.)
close this folderPart II: Workshop councillor as policy-maker
View the documentOverview
View the document2.1 Warm-up exercise: policy recall
View the document2.2 Exercise: a policy-maker's quiz
View the document2.3 Trainer presentation
View the document2.4 Case study: Lukasa's waste-management
View the document2.5 Skill practice exercise
View the document2.6 Skill transfer exercise

2.2 Exercise: a policy-maker's quiz

Trainers notes

Objective

This exercise is to help participants distinguish among problems, goals, policies, and strategies.

Process

Distribute copies of the two-page Quiz beginning on the page following the scoring key. Ask participants to complete the Quiz individually following instructions.

When all participants have completed the Quiz, divide them into four small groups of five to seven each and distribute a second copy of the Quiz to each group. Explain that the purpose of the exercise is for participants in each group to discuss their answers and decide on a single group answer to each statement.

Give the groups about fifteen minutes to complete the task. Then, supply each small group with a copy of the Scoring Key (see Trainer's Guide to Training for Elected Officials). Using the scoring key, have participants record the number of answers which they as individuals and which their respective groups scored correctly. Also, ask each small group to calculate the average of individual correct scores for comparison with the group score.

Reconvene the group and ask for reports from each small group. In most cases, small groups will have more correct answers than the average of their individual members. Discuss this outcome and ask participants why they think groups tend to outperform individuals on many tasks. Ask them what implications all of this has for policy-making by their own councils.

A POLICY-MAKER'S QUIZ

Workshop Exercise

Instructions

Read each of the 16 statements below. In each case, decide if the statement is a problem, a goal, a policy, or a strategy. Make a selection for each statement by placing an “x” in the appropriate box opposite the statement. Do not leave out any of the statements.

Statement

Is it a Problem

Goal

Policy

Strategy

1. Only the town's central streets are paved.

2. Shift five per cent of the town's annual personnel services budget to training.

3. Plan a two-day council/staff goal-setting retreat.

4. Retention of not less than 95 per cent of existing businesses each year.

5. Switch from asphalt to concrete for all future street-paving projects.

6. The town's only waste-disposal site reached capacity last month.

7. Affordable housing for every resident of the town in 10 years.

8. Pursue aggressively every possible way to privatize services where reduction in cost will result.

9. A potable supply of drinking water to 5000 new households this year.

10. Adequate protection from flooding and drainage to all flood-prone neighbourhoods on the west side by the end of next year.

11. There is no money to operate the town's new recreation complex.

13. Develop close ties with neighbouring towns to save money and avoid needless service duplication.

14. Take advantage of all national grants and technical assistance available to the town.

15. Authorize a consulting firm to conduct a water rate study.

16. The national government has reduced by half its aid programme for indigent health care.

SCORING SHEET

GROUPS


1

2

3

4

Your individual score (number correct):

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)

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Average of all individual scores (divide sum of individual correct scores by the number of participants):

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The small group score (number correct):

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)

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Highest score (individual participant):

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)

)

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Lowest score (individual participant):

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