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close this bookResource Management for Upland Areas in Southeast Asia - An Information Kit (IIRR, 1995, 207 p.)
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References

General references

Achmad, H., A. Martadihardja, Suharto, Wawan Gunawan and Handyana. 1978. Sociocultural Aspects of Homegarden (Ind.). Seminar on Ecology of the Homegarden II, 2526 October, 1978. Institute of Ecology, Pajajaran University, Bandung, Indonesia.

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Asdak, C. and T.P. Sandjaja. 1989. Traditional Agroforestry Systems: A Potential Role for Rehabilitating Degraded Watershed Areas. Proceedings of International Seminar on Agricultural Change and Development in Southeast Asia, 20-23 November, 1989. Jakarta, Indonesia.

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Banilodu, L. and N.T. Saka. 1993. Descriptive Analysis of Sumba Forest: Research Results. Widya Mandiri Catholic University, Kupang, Indonesia.

Carlson, Les E. and Keith R. Shea. 1986. Increasing Productivity of Multipurpose Lands: IUFRO Research Planning Workshop for Africa: Sahelian and North Sudanian Zones, Nairobi, Kenya, 9-15 January, 1986. International Union of Forestry Research Organization. Canada.

Celestino. A.F. and F.P. Elliot. Hilly Land Farming Systems in the Philippines: An Assessment. Farming Systems and Soil Resources Institute.

Chambers, R. 1992. Rural Appraisal: Rapid, Relaxed and Participatory. Discussion Paper 311. Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, Brighton, Great Britain.

Chambers, R. and B. Ghildyal. 1985. Agricultural Research for ResourcePoor Farmers: The Farmer-Firstand-Last model. Agricultural Administration and Extension, 20. in Chambers et al. 1989.

Chambers, R. and J. Jiggins. 1986. Agricultural Research for Resourcepoor Farmers: A Parsimonious Paradigm. IDS Discussion Paper 220, Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, Brighton, Great Britain.

Chambers, Robert, Arnold Pacey and Lori Ann Thrupp. (eds.) 1991. Farmer First: Farmer Innovation and Agricultural Research. Immediate Technology Publications: Great Britain.

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Danusastro, H. 1980. The Role of Homegarden as a Source of Additional Family Income. Seminar on the Ecology of Homegardens III. Institute of Ecology, Pajajaran University, Bandung, Indonesia.

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Denholm, Jeanette and Min Bahadur Ryachhetry. 1990. Major Agroforestry Activities of Nongovernmental Organizations in Nepal: A Survey. Research Report Series, 10. HMG Ministry of Agriculture, Nepal. Winrock International.

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Djogo, A.P.Y. March 1994. Proses Perkembaw, Pekewang dar Tartaw Konsortium Pengembangan Datao Timgi usa Tenggara (Nusa Tangan Upland Development Consortium). Paper presented to NTUDS Annual. Matara. 10-21 April, 1994.

Fabos, J.G. 1979. Planning the Total Landscape: A Guide to Intelligent Land Use. Westview Press, Boulder, Colorado, U.S.A.

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FAO. A Forester's Guide for Community Involvement in Upland Conservation, with Special References to the Asia-Pacific Region.

FAO. A Forester's Guide for. Community Involvement in Upland Conservation. 1986. Based on the work of James H. French and Romeo H. Gecolea. Rome.

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Leones, Julie P. 1987. The Impact of an Agroforestry Project on Upland Farming in San Francisco, Cebu, Philippines. New York: Department of Agricultural Economics, Cornell University. 65p.

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Mbonye, Arsen and Kihika Kiambi. n.d. How to Collect, Handle and Store Seeds. KENGO Agroforestry Training Series. Kenya: KENGO. 22p.

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Moya, T.B., W.C. Dela Vena and S.I. Bhuiyan. 1986. The Potential of Farrn Reservoir in Rainfed Areas. Phil. Journal of Crop Science, 11(2): 125-132.

Muniz-Miret, Nuvia and Julie Bournes: 1993. Directory of International Training and Educational Opportunities in Agroforestry. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Agriculture. 80p.

Narayana, V.V.D. 1993. Soil and Water Conservation Research in India. Central Soil and Water Conservation Research and Training Institute, Indian Council of Agriculture, New Delhi, India.

Nitrogen-fixing Tree Association. 1993. The Production, Management and Use of Nitrogen-fixing Trees: A Manual for Field Trainers. Paia, Hawaii. pp. 50.

NRC. 1993. Sustainable Agriculture and the Environment in the Humid Tropics. National Research Council: National Academy Press, Washington, U.S.A.

Pava, Herminio M. and the Musuan Team. 1990. Bukidnon Upland Development Studies: The Himaya Musuan Experience. Philippines: Central Mindanao University. 244p.

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Personal interview with Umbu Hilu, Yayasan Tananua Sumba FarmerLeader by l.V. Domingo.

Poffenberger, Mark. 1990. Keepers of the Forest: Land Management Alternatives in Southeast Asia. Ateneo de Manila University Press, Philippines.

Reijntjes, Coen, Bertus Haverkort and Ann Waters-Bayer. 1992. Farming for the Future: An Introduction to Lowexternal Input and Sustainable Agriculture. The MacMillan Press Ltd., London.

Reifsnyder, W.S. and T.O. Darnhofer. (eds.) 1987. Meteorology and Agroforestry. From: International Workshop on the Application of Meteorology to Agroforestry Systems Planning and Management. 9-13 February, 1987. Nairobi.

Rocheleau, D., F. Weber and A. FieldJuman. 1988. Agroforestry in Dryland Africa. Kenya: International Council for Research in Agroforestry. 311 p.

Sheng, T.C. 1972. A Treatment-oriented Land Capability Classification Scheme for Hilly Marginal Lands in the Humid Tropics. J. Sci. Res. Coun. Jamaica. 3: 93-112.

Shingi, Prakash M. ed. 1990. Studies on Social Forestry in India: Management Perspectives. RAPA, Food and Agriculture Organization. Thailand. 240p.

Siew Tuan Chew. 1989. Agroforestry Projects for Small Farmers: A Project Manager's Reference A ID Evaluation Special Study, 59. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Agency for International Development. 42p.

Singh, R.P. Farm Ponds. Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture, Hyderabad, India.

Soemarwoto, O. 1987. Homegarden; A Traditional Agroforestry Systems with Promising Future. Institute of Ecology, Pajajaran University, Bandung, Indonesia.

Soenarto. 1987. Wen Hipere, Suatu Sistem Budidaya Ubi Jalar (Ipomoea batatas (L) Lan.) di Lembah Baliem, Irian Jaya (Wen Hipere, A Farming System for Sweet Potatoes (Ipomaea batatas) in Baliem Valley, Irian Jaya. MS thesis, Faculty of Graduate Study, IPB Bogor, Indonesia.

Terra, G. J. A. 1953. The Distribution of Mixed Gardening in Java. Landbouw 25:163-223.

Tohir, K. A. 1951. Pedoman Bercocok Tanam. (Manual for Farming Practices). Dinas Balai Pustaka, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Undan, R.C. 1992. Small Farm Reservoir. Background paper presented during the Investment Forum sponsored by CLARRDEC and DOST m held at Bulwagang Kapampangan, San Fernando, Pampanga on July 23, 1992.

Valdez, J.A. 1991. Small-farm Reservoir and Service Area Sizing Based on Catchment Characteristics and Hydrology. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation. Central Luzon State University, Mu Nueva Ecija, Philippines.

Vergara, N.T. 1984. Agroforestry Under Community Forestry: Concept, Classification and Use in the Humid Tropics. Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, FAO, Bangkok, Thailand.

Vergara, Napoleon T. and Rodolfo A. Fernandez. 1989. Social Forestry in Asia—Factors that Influence Program Implementation. Southeast Asian Regional Center for Graduate Study and Research in Agriculture (SEARCA).

Wodicka, Stefan. Planning Meeting for Local Tree Species Research in NTT. World Neighbors.

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World Neighbors. 1988. Practical Guide to Dryland Farming. 5116 North Portland Avenue, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73112, USA. (Indonesian version of Practical Guide to Upland Farming Series available from Studio Driya Media, Jl. Makmur No. 16, P.O.Box 6715, Bandung 40461, Jawa Barat, Indonesia.)

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References for each chapter

Introduction

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Melink, W., Y.S. Rao and K.G. MacDicken. (eds.) 1991. Agroforestry in Asia and the Pacific. RAPA. pp 182193 and 297-300.

Nair, P.K. (ed.). 1989. Agroforestry Systems in the Tropics. Kluwer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands. pp. 642-655.

Nair, P.K. 1993. An Introduction to Agroforestry. Kluwer Academic Publisher.

Overview of upland issues and approaches

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FAO. 1990. Farming Systems Development—Guidelines for the Conduct of a Training Course in Farming Systems Development.

FAO. 1989. Guidelines for Land Use Planning. Interdepartmental Working Group on Land Use Planning. FAO, Rome.

FAO. 1985. Report of the Expert Consultation on Farming Systems Development. 23-26 July, 1985.

Friedrich K.H. 1986. Farming Systems Development in Developing Countries. Paper presented at the Farming Systems Research and Extension Symposium held at Kansas, USA.

Haen H. and J. Dixon. April 1992. Systems Approach to Sustainable and Rural Development in Asian Uplands, Farm Management Notes for Asia and the Far East. No. 15.

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Paris, Thelma. 1992. Integrating the Gender Variable in Farming Systems Research. RAPA Regional Expert Consultation Data Base for Women in Agriculture and Rural Development.

Poffenberger, M. (ed.). 1990. Keepers of the Forest: Land Management Alternatives in Southeast Asia. Kumarian Press, Connecticut.

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2 Integrated upland systems management and

3 Soil and water conservation approaches

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PCARRD. 1993. Manual on Small-farm Reservoir. Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development.

PCARRD. 1977. The Philippine Recommends for Soil Conservation.

PURC. 1990. Soil Erosion Control Measures for the Uplands. Philippine Uplands Resource Center. De La Salle UniversityResearch Center. Manila, Philippines.

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Tejwani, K.G. and C. K. Lai. 1992. AsiaPacific Agroforestry Profiles. FAOAPAN Field Document No. 1.

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UPLB Agroforestry Program and Kapwa Upliftment Foundation, Inc. 1994. Soil and Water Conservation Management. Philippines.

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Vo Tong Xuan. Upland Farming Systems Development in Vietnam. Dr. Agr., University of Can Tho, Hau giang, Vietnam.

Wiber, Fred and Carol Stoney. 1989. Understanding Agroforestry Techniques. VITA. 15p.

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4 Diagnostic methods and tools

Ashby, Jacqueline A. 1990. Evaluating Technology with Farmers: A Handbook. CIAT. Cali, Colombia. pp. 95.

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Chambers, R. 1992. Participatory Rural Appraisals: Past, Present and Future. Forest, Trees and People Newsletter, No. 15116 Feb. 1992. FAO, Rome and the International Rural Development Centre (IRDC). Uppsala, Sweden. p. 4-8.

Chambers, R. 1992. Rural Appraisal: Rapid, Relaxed and Participatory Discussion Paper 311. Institute of Development Studies, United Kingdom.

Chambers. R., A. Pacey and L. Thrupp. (eds.). 1989. Farmer First. Farmer Innovation and Agricultural Research. Intermediate Technology Publications, UK.

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FAO. 1991. Land Use Planning Applications. Proceedings of the FAO Expert Consultation, Rome 1014 December, 1990. World Soil Resources Report 68. Interdepartmental Working group on Land Use Planning. FAO, Rome.

Farrington, J. and A. Martin. 1988. Farmer Participation in Agricultural Research: A Review of Concepts and Practices. Agricultural Administration Unit, Occasional Paper 9. Overseas Development Institute, London.

Fujisaka, S., E. Jayson and A. Dapsula. 1993. Recommendations Domain and a Farmers' Upland Rice Technology. Indigenous Knowledge and Development Monitor 1(3): 8-10

Grandstaff, T. 1987. Proceedings of the 1985 International Conference on Rapid Rural Appraisal. Khon Kaen University, Thailand.

Hock, A.J. van den. 1992. Planning as a Learning Process—A Strategy for Planning Land Use Programmes at Local Level with Special Reference to the Uplands of Java. Van den Hoek, Oosterbeek, the Netherlands.

IRRI. Training Resource Book for Farming Systems Diagnosis.

Jiggins, J. and H. de Zeeuw. Participatory Technology Development in Practice: Process and Methods. pp. 135162.

Lai, C.K. 1993. Overview of Participatory Methods and Techniques for Agroforestry Training and Research. Paper presented at the Regional Training Workshop for Technical and Extension Level Agroforestry Trainers in Asia-Pacific, 14-27 November 1993. Khon Kaen, Thailand.

Mathias, Evelyn. 1994. Indigenous Knowledge and Sustainable Development. IIRR Working Paper No. 53. International Institute of Rural Reconstruction, Silang, Cavite, Philippines.

McCorkle, Constance M. 1989. Toward a Knowledge of a Local Knowledge and I's Importance for Agricultural R&D. Agriculture and Human Values 6(3):4-12.

Molnar, A. 1989. Community Forestry: Rapid Appraisal. Community Forestry Note 3. FAO, Rome.

Negi, Biju. 1994. Seeds for Life. ILK A Newsletter 10(1):6-7.

Paris, Thelma. 1992. Integrating the Gender Variable in Farming Systems Research. RAPE Regional Expert Consultation Data Base for Women in Agriculture and Rural Development.

Philippine National Commission on the Role of Filipino Women and the National Economic and Development Authority. 1993. Guidelines for Developing and Implementing Gender-responsive Projects and Programs.

Raintree, J.B. 1987. D & D User's Manual—An Introduction to Agroforestry Diagnosis and Design. ICRAF, Nairobi, Kenya.

Stephens, Alexandra and Kees Putman. 1990. Participatory Monitoring and Evaluation: A Handbook for Training Field Workers. Bangkok. FAO-RAPA. pp 49.

Tan-Kim-Yong, U. (unpublished). A Diversity-sensitive Method: Situation-specific Analysis (SSA). Lecture notes for training course. (personal communication)

Tangtham, N. 1990 Environmental Land Use Planning: A Special Reference to Land Use Planning for Erosion/Sedimentation and Flash Flood Hazard Prevention. Paper prepared for Training Course on Control of Soil Erosion and Sedimentation and Flash Flood Hazard at Agricultural Development Research Center in Northeast, Khon Kaen Thailand. 19 June - 6 July, 1 990.

Theis, J. and H. Grady. 1991. Participatory Rapid Appraisal for Community Development: A Training Manual Based on Experiences in the Middle East and North Africa. LED, Save the Children Federation.

Thomas-Slayer, Barbara, Andrea Lee Esser and M. Dale Shields. 1993. Tools of Gender Analysis: A Guide to Field Methods for Bringing Gender into Sustainable Resource Management.

UPLB Agroforestsy Program and Kapwa Upliftment Foundation, Inc. 1994. Agroforestry Project Planning and Management. Philippines.

Warren, D. Michael. 1991. Using Indigenous Knowledge in Agricultural Development. World Bank Discussion Paper No. 127. The World Bank, Washington, U.S.A.

Warren, D. Michael and Kristin Cashman. 1988. Indigenous Knowledge for Sustainable Agriculture and Rural Development. Gatekeeper Series Paper No. 10. Sustainable Agriculture Program, IIED, London, United Kingdom.

Wiersum, FK. 1989. Use of Local Knowledge for Tree Growing. In: Department of Forest Management, Forestry and Rural Development. Lecture Notes of Course F550-121. Agricultural University, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Wijewardene, R. and P. Waidyanatha. 1984. Systems, Techniques and Tools for Conservation Farming for Small Farmers in the Humid Tropics. The Commonwealth Secretariat, Marlborough House, Pall Mall, London SW I England. 39pp.

5 Extension and linkage strategies

ETC. 1991. Learning for Peoplecentered Technology Development: A Training Guide.

ETC. 1993. Food and Agricultural Marketing Extension: Concept, Approaches and Methods AFMA General Assembly Meeting, Beijing, P.R. China.

Article by I.V. Domingo and is largely based on the following materials: Trip Report to a Farmer Quarterly Meeting in Sumba by Stefan Wodicka (16-06-94) and Farmer-to-Farmer Extension: Some Experiences of Yayasan Tananua by Patris da Gomez and Ilya Moeliono.

Ban, A.W. Van Den and H.S. Hawkins. 1988. Agricultural Extension. Longman Scientific and Technical and John Wiley and Sons, Inc. New York, U.S.A. p.9.

Baguinon, Nestor. 1989. Neglected Species with Potential for Agroforestry. In Agroforestry Technology Information Kit. Philippines.

Bochnert, Joachim. 1988. Agroforestry in Agricultural Education with a Focus on the Practical Implementation. Germany: Verlag Josef Margraf. 182p.

Bonifacio, M. 1994. Images of Agriculture: Problems, Issues and Trends in Technology Transfer.

Bunch, Roland. 1985. Two Ears of Corn: A Guide to People-centered Agricultural Improvement. 2nd ed. Oklahoma City: World Neighbors.

Chambers, Robert, A. Pacey and L.A. Thrupp. (eds.) 1989. Farmer First: Farmer Innovation and Agricultural Research. ITP, London.

Cuyno, R. 1986. Agricultural/Rural Extension Experiences in Selected Countries of Asia. Unpublished Report.

Dixon J. and M. Boestrom. 1993. Farming Systems Approaches to Improving Agricultural Extension. Farrn Management Notes for Asia and the Far East. Regular Issue No. 17, December 1993.

Dyogo, A.P.Y. 1994. Indonesian Experiences of Sustainable Development: Working with the Participants of the Poor Population. Paper presented to International Meeting: Poverty and Environment Alternatives Against Destruction. POEMAUFPA. Belen Para Bonzil 5-10 June, 1994.

Djogo, A.P.Y. The Possibilities of Using Local Drought-resistant and Multipurpose Tree and Shrub Species for Agroforestry and Social Forestry in West Timor. Working Paper 32. EAP1. EastWest Center, Hawaii, U.S.A.

Djogo, A.P.Y., Y. Asa and V Nural. Promoting Agroforestry Techniques. Experiences with Participatory Development Process and Farmer-based Extension Strategies of NGO for Nusa Tenggara Tiung, Indonesia. Paper presented to Regional Expert Consultation on Farmer-toFarmer Adaptive Agroforestry Research. 4-10 October, 1992. Cebu City, Philippines.

Farrington, J. and A. Martin. 1988. Farmer Participation in Agricultural Research: A Review of Concepts and Practices. Agricultural Administration Unit. Occasional Paper 4. London: ODI.

Fisher, Larry. June 1992. Issues in Planning Natural Resource Management Interventions. World Neighbors. In Resource Book on Sustainable Agriculture for the Lowlands. SEASAN. Edited by Janet Durno, Ilya Moelyono, Ravadee Prasertcharoensuk.

Fisher, Lucy. Preserving Biodiversity in the Uplands of Sumba, Indonesia. Concept paper. World Neighbors.

French, J.H. and R.H. Gecolea. 1986. A Forester's Guide for Community Involvement in Upland Conservation with Special Reference to the Asia and Pacific Region. FAO, Rome, Italy.

Gorrez, David. 1992. Handbook on Rural-based Enterprise Development Training Modules and Their Applications. Philippine Council for Agriculture and Natural Resources Research and Development. Los Ba Laguna, Philippines. March, 1992.

Jiggins, J. and H. de Zeeuw. Participatory Technology Development in Practice: Process and Methods. pp. 135-162

Malik, W. 1994. Country Report on Strengthening the Agricultural Extension Systems for Sustainable Agriculture and Rural Development.

Norse, D. 1988. Conference on Environment and Sustainable Development and the Role of Small Farmers.

Pretty, Jules N. and Rupert Howes. 1993. Sustainable Agriculture in Britain: Recent Achievements and blew Policy Challenges. IIED Research Series Volume 2, No. 1. London, United Kingdom.

Raintree, J.B. 1991. Socioeconomic Attributes of Tree Planting Practices. Community Forestry Note No. 9. Forest, Trees and People Programme. TAO, Rome.

Raintree, John B. and Herminia A. Francisco. (eds). 1994. Marketing of Multipurpose Tree Products in Asia. Proceedings of an International Workshop held in Baguio City, Philippines. 6-9 December 1993. Thailand: Winrock International. 358 pp.

Reijntes, C., B. Haverkort and A. Wateers-Bayer 1992. Farming for the Future: An Introduction to Low-external Input and Sustainable Agriculture. London: MacMillan Press.

International Institute of Rural Reconstruction. 1990. Resource Book on Sustainable Agriculture in the Uplands. Philippines.

Rhoades, R.E. and R.H. Booth. 1982. Farmer Back to Farmer: A Model for Generating Acceptable Agricultural Technology. Agricultural Administration. Vol 11, No. 4.

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Stephen, A. Participatory Monitoring and Evaluation. FAO Publication.

Stoney, Carol. 1992. Agroforestry Development in Nusa Tenggara.

Tripp, Robert. (ed.). 1991. Planned Change in Farming Systems: Progress in Onfarm Research. John Wiley & Sons Ltd. England.

UPLB Agroforestry Program and Kapwa Upliftment Foundation, Inc. 1994. Agroforestry Production and Postproduction Systems. Philippines .

Van den Ban, A.W. and H.S. Hawkins. 1988. Agricultural Extension. Longman Scientific and Technical. Longman House, London.

Werner, Jurgen. 1993. Participatory Development of Agriculture Innovations: Procedures and Methods of On-farm Research. Typo-DruckRobdorf Federal Republic of Germany.

World Neighbors. Small-scale Tree Planting. World Neighbors In Action. A Newsletter for Project Personnel.

6 Evaluation strategies

Ashby, Jacqueline A. 1990. Evaluating Technology with Farmers: A Handbook. CIAT. Cali, Colombia. pp. 95.

Asian Development Bank. 1978. Guidelines for Economic Analysis of Projects.

Cruz, Ma. C. J., A.J. Alcantara, W.D. Cruz, F.P. Lansigan, R.B. Mendoza and PK. Sajise. 1985. Philippine Upland Production Systems: An Integrative Analysis of Three Sites. IESAM, University of the Philippines at Los Ba College, Laguna, Philippines.

FAO. 1992. Financial Indicators as a Decisionmaking Tool in Designing Agroforestry Program. Chudleigh. Guidelines for Farm Systems Development.

Gittinger, Price. 1978. Economic Evaluation of Agriculture Projects. New York Press, New York, New York, U.S.A.

Maligalig, Bienvenido and Carmelita Villamor. 1993. Sustainability Assessment of Livelihood Project. Paper presented during the CARP-ISF R&D Program Yearend Assessment and Planning Workshop. Patio Acerado, Barangay Pansol, Calamba, Laguna, Philippines. January 13-14, 1994.

Nijkamp, P. 1977. Theory and Application of Environmental Economics. Elsevier NorthHolland, Inc. 52, Vanderbuilt Avenue, New York, NY 110017, U.S.A.

Ortolano, L. 1984. Environmental Planning and Decision-making. John Wiley and Sons, New York, U.S.A.

Raab, R.T., B.E. Swanson, T.L. Wentling and C.D. Clark. 1987. A Trainer's Guide to Evaluation. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Via delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy.

Raintree, J.B. 1981. Bioeconomic Considerations in the Design of Agroforestry Intercropping Systems. ICRAF, Nairobi, Kenya.

Raintree, J.B. 1991. Socioeconomic Attributes of Tree Planting Practices. Community Forestry Note No. 9. I vest, Trees and People Programme. FAO, Rome, Italy.

RAPA. 1989111. Guidelines for Farming Systems Program.

Suler, Pretty and Rupert Hower. (eds). 1993. Sustainable Agriculture in Britain: Recent Achievement and New Policy Challenge. IIED Research Service. Vol. 2 No. 1. London, United Kingdom.