Indicators of child welfare confirm that the adverse
socioeconomic context just described has had a dramatic effect on child growth
and development. Sub-Saharan Africa is the only major region in the world where
the status of children has actually deteriorated in recent years.
This section begins with a brief discussion of SSA's human
development condition as measured by the UNDP's Human Development Index (HDI).
It then proceeds to describe the status of Sub-Saharan African children,
including physical aspects such as survival, health, and nutrition, as well as
educational and social-psychological aspects. For the convenience of
description. the various types of physical, cognitive and socio-emotional needs,
and attendant indicators are separated. Yet it is important to note that they
are operationally inseparable if we are concerned with fostering the healthy
development of the whole