|How Children Learn (IAE - IBE - UNESCO, 32 p.)|
Learning requires the active, constructive involvement of the learner.
Learning at school requires students to pay attention, to observe, to memorize, to understand, to set goals and to assume responsibility for their own learning. These cognitive activities are not possible without the active involvement and engagement of the learner. Teachers must help students to become active and goal-oriented by building on their natural desire to explore, to understand new things and to master them.
In the classroom
It is a challenge for teachers to create interesting and challenging learning environments that encourage the active involvement of students. The following are some suggestions as to how this can be done:
· Avoid situations where the students are passive listeners for long periods of time.
· Provide students with hands-on activities, such as experiments, observations, projects, etc.
· Encourage participation in classroom discussions and other collaborative activities.
· Organize school visits to museums and technological parks.
· Allow students to take some control over their own learning. Taking control over one's learning means allowing students to make some decisions about what to learn and how.
· Assist students in creating learning goals that are consistent with their interests and future aspirations.
References: Elmore, Peterson & McCarthy, 1996; Piaget, 1978; Scardamalia & Bereiter, 1991.