Cover Image
close this bookPhotovoltaic Household Electrification Programs - Best Practices (WB)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentForeword
View the documentAcknowledgments
Open this folder and view contentsExecutive summary
View the documentAbbreviations and acronyms
View the documentIntroduction
Open this folder and view contentsThe place for photovoltaics
Open this folder and view contentsThe economics of PV household electrification
Open this folder and view contentsBarriers to affordability
Open this folder and view contentsInstitutional models
Open this folder and view contentsAttaining financial sustainability
Open this folder and view contentsTechnical requirements
Open this folder and view contentsBest practices: conclusions and recommendations
Open this folder and view contentsAnnex 1 : ASTAE case studies in PV household electrification
Open this folder and view contentsAnnex 2 : Economic and financial comparisons of rural energy alternatives
View the documentReferences
View the documentDistributors of World Bank Publications
View the documentRecent World Bank technical papers


This Report owes much to the pioneering efforts of the numerous governmental, private sector, and non-governmental organizations that have undertaken photovoltaic household electrification programs throughout the world. The authors are indebted to the beneficiaries to these programs for sharing their experiences and to the donors, administrators, managers, and staff. Their vision and perseverance have brought electricity to thousands of homes and paved the way to provide service to millions more.

We gratefully acknowledge the generous support of the Directorate General for International Cooperation in the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the US Department of Energy, the main donors to the Asia Alternative Energy Unit (ASTAE). Additional support from the German Bundesministerium ftschaftliche Zusammenarbeit (BMZ)/Deutsche Gesellschaft fhnische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) was invaluable to this effort.

The team members for the four country case studies of PV program experience deserve special mention: Dorca Barcacel de Bencosme, Andres Doernberg, Robert Foster, and Pablo Rosenthal (Dominican Republic); Timothy Ball, Heri Lesmana Hardjo, Mayling Oey-Gardiner, and Herbert Wade (Indonesia); Klaus Pertz (Philippines); Timothy Ball, Sunil Bastian, D.G.V.K. Jayasuriya, and Neville Williams (Sri Lanka).

The authors would like to note the time, effort, and enthusiasm of the reviewers of earlier drafts of the Report, which was the subject of the Roundtable on Photovoltaics and Rural Electrification convened at the First World Conference for Photovoltaic Energy Conversion at Waikaloa, Hawaii, in December 1994. The contributions of Richard Hansen, Enersol Associates; Daniel Waddle, National Rural Electric Cooperative Association; and Herbert Wade, Asian Institute of Technology, were especially useful. This Report also reflects extensive discussions with Agus Salim Dasuki of the Indonesian Agency for Assessment and Application of Technology, Robb de Lange of Pt. Sudimara (Indonesia), and Lalith Gunaratne of Solar Power and Light (Sri Lanka).

We would also like to thank the World Bank Peer Reviewers: Doug Barnes, Andres Liebenthal, Magdalena Manzo, and Arun Sanghvi for their personal interest in the subject and their perceptive comments; our colleagues Susan Bogach and Scott Piscitello for their contributions to the economic and financial analyses; Kimberly Burns, Kerri Brady, and Maria Aquino for word processing; and Emily Chalmers for editorial support.

Finally, we are most grateful to Carolyn Tager of ASTAE for her continued guidance and insights.