CARE Food Manual (CARE , 1998, 355 p.)
 Chapter 11 - Food Distribution To Sites
 II. Designing a Transportation Plan
 A. Program Requirements Based on Ration Size B. Program Requirements Based on Pipeline Analyses C. Turn-Around Time (TAT) D. Number of Trips E. Transport Capacity Required F. Number of Sites and Amount of Food That Can be Delivered

F. Number of Sites and Amount of Food That Can be Delivered

Finally, plans must include how much food can be carried and how many sites each truck can reach for each trip.

First determine how many tons of food a truck can carry and how many tons each site needs for a delivery cycle. In this case, the trucks have a capacity of 8 MT, but one MT is subtracted due to poor road conditions. If an average site requires 300 kg of peas and 300 kg of WSB every two weeks, divide the truck’s capacity by the average weight required for each site, e.g., 7 MT capacity divided by 0.6 MT (600kgs) per site = 12 sites. Therefore, a truck can deliver food to 12 sites on average.

Second translate tonnage into bags, and assume donors package pulses and grains into 50 kg bags, and blended foods, such as WSB, into 25 kg. bags. A biweekly requirement of 300 kg of peas and 300 kg of WSB is then 6 bags of peas and 12 bags of WSB for a site. Since each truck can service 12 sites per trip, it will carry 144 bags of WSB and 72 bags of peas per trip.

The distribution plan for one delivery could look something like this:

 Date Site Peas (kgs) Bags WSB kgs Bags Totals Jan 14 1 300 kgs 6 bags 300 kgs 12 bags 2 3 ß ß ß ß ß 12 Totals 72 bags 144 bags 7 MT

Distributions are scheduled so that each delivery arrives at least two weeks before their site-level stocks are expected to end. The distribution schedule is staggered between regions so that all sites do not run out of food at once.

Thus, for example, the distribution cycle for the three regions could be:

· Region 1 receives food on or before January 14 (stocks expected to end on February 1)
· Region 2 receives food on or before February 1 (stocks expected to end on February 15)
· Region 3 receives food on or before February 15 (stocks expected to end on March 1).