Food security can be seen as a subset of a broader household
livelihood security strategy which is designed to meet basic needs, including
food, potable water, health, education, housing, participation in community
activities, and leisure time.
As a programming strategy, food security should be considered an
organizing principle or integrating framework that can be used across the
continuum of emergency, relief and rehabilitation, and sustainable development.
The framework emphasizes the development of strong sector-specific programs with
synergistic linkages, such as health, agriculture and natural resources, income
generation and small enterprise development, education, and reproductive health
and family planning. The advantages of using a common framework are that
intervention priorities can be established cross-sectorally, depending upon the
major constraints facing households, and sector-specific programs can be
targeted to the same regions to obtain a multiplier effect on the beneficiary