|Community Emergency Preparedness: A Manual for Managers and Policy-Makers (WHO, 1999, 141 p.)|
|Chapter 1 Introduction|
· Globally, the number of disasters is increasing with growing community vulnerability.
· Inappropriate humanitarian assistance can lead to reduced development assistance, increased community vulnerability, and further social crisis.
· Community vulnerability is a function of susceptibility and resilience.
· Vulnerability reduction can decrease the risk of emergencies and disasters by:
- decreasing susceptibility (emergency prevention and mitigation);
- increasing resilience (emergency preparedness).
· Vulnerability reduction also requires policy development and vulnerability assessment.
· Vulnerability reduction can protect and enhance development.
· Emergency management can be described by:
- the comprehensive approach;
- the all-hazards approach;
- the multisectoral and intersectoral approach.
· The aims of civil protection, humanitarian action, and emergency management are very similar, and the same preparedness processes can be used for each. The health sector plays a key role, regardless of the system adopted by a country.
· Emergency preparedness is required at every level within a country, particularly at the community level.
· Community participation in emergency preparedness is essential for its success.
· Emergency preparedness processes can be used for any community, organization, or activity.
· Emergency preparedness should be developed to suit the context of the community.
· An emergency preparedness programme should be guided by project management methods.