|Nutrition Guidelines (MSF, 1995, 191 p.)|
|Part III Selective feeding programmes|
Once a nutrition survey (using weight-for-height) has justified the opening of targeted feeding programmes, the quickest way to identify all eligible children is by means of a population screening of mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC):
1. Execute a MUAC screening of all children between 6 months and 5 years (or height < 110 cm) in the population (Instructions in Annex 2.).
2. All children whose MUAC is < 13.5 cm and/or oedema will be
selected to have
their weight and height measured.
3. Children whose W/H is 70% - 79%(<- 2 Z-Scores) will be selected for supplementary feeding.
4. Children with W/H < 70% (< - 3 Z-Scores) and/or oedema, and/or those with MUAC < 110 mm will be selected for therapeutic feeding.
MUAC is a suitable tool for initial screening but admission to the feeding programmes should be based on W/H (see Fig. 14). However, because presence of bilateral oedema or a MUAC < 110 mm indicate an increased risk of death and acute malnutrition, these attributes also justify admission to a TFP, regardless of W/H.
· In a settled population, all households should be
informed to bring their children below 5 years to the feeding centre for
· or house mass screening can be organized,
· or regular screening can be performed through household visits of community health workers,
· or new arrivals in a refugee camp should be screened during their registration.