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close this bookWater and Sanitation in Emergencies - Good Practice Review 1 (ODI, 1994, 120 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the document1. Objectives and Intended Audience
Open this folder and view contents2. Water and Sanitation in the Context of Environmental Health
Open this folder and view contents3. The Operating Environment: General Considerations
Open this folder and view contents4. The Operating Environment: Needs Assessment, Co-ordination and Contingency Planning
Open this folder and view contents5. Water: General Principles
Open this folder and view contents6. Sanitation: General Principles
Open this folder and view contents7. Typical Scenarios
View the documentAnnex 1 - Further Resources
View the documentAnnex 2 - Useful Contacts and Addresses
View the documentAnnex 3 - Technical Guidelines
View the documentAnnex 4 - Checklist for Environmental Health Needs Assessment
View the documentAnnex 5 - Practical Ways to Prevent the Spread of Cholera
View the documentAnnex 6 - A Gender Checklist for Environmental Health Actions
View the documentAnnex 7 - Chlorine as a Water Disinfectant
View the documentGood practice RRN review
View the documentHow to order
View the documentRRN

Annex 1 - Further Resources


UNHCR (1982) Handbook for Emergencies Geneva, UNHCR.
Copies available from: Palais de Nations CH-1211 Geneva 10 Switzerland.

UNICEF (1986) Assisting in Emergencies: A Resource Handbook for UNICEF Field Staff, New York: UNICEF, 3 UN Plaza New York NY 10017 USA.

MSF (1992) Technicien Sanitaire en Situation Precaire, Paris.
Copies available from: 8, Rue Saint Sabin 75544 Paris Cedex 11 France.
Tel: +33 1 40 21 29 29
Fax: +33 1 48 06 68 68

OXFAM Emergency Water Supply Scheme for Emergencies (Set of Manuals)
Copies available from: OXFAM HOUSE Emergencies Department Public Health Team.
274, Banbury Road Oxford OX2 7DZ
Tel: +44 865 311311
Fax: +44 865 312600

Mears, Catherine and Chowdury, Sue (1994) Practical Health Guide No.9: Health Care for Refugees and Displaced People, Oxford: OXFAM.

Environmental Health

Cairncross, S and Feacham, R (1993) Environmental Health Engineering in the Tropics: An Introductory Text. 2nd Edn. Chichester, UK: J Wiley & Sons.



Arlosoroff, S (1987) Community Water: The Handpump Option, Washington DC: World Bank, 1818 H Street NW Washington DC 20433 USA.

Davis, J. and Garvey, G. with Wood, M. (1993) Developing and Managing Community Water Supplies - Oxfam Development Guidelines No. 8, Oxford, UK: OXFAM.

IRC (International Reference Centre) (1987) Small Community Water Supplies: Technical Paper No. 18. The Hague, The Netherlands: IRC - Water and Sanitation Centre, PO Box 93190 2059, Tel: +31 70 814911.

Jordan, T (1984) A Handbook of Gravity-Flow Water Systems, London: IT Publications.

Lloyd, B and Helmer, R (1991) Surveillance of Drinking Water Quality in Rural Areas, Harlow, UK: Longman Scientific and Technical.

Pickford, J: The Worth of Water: Technical Briefs on Health. Water and Sanitation. London: IT Publications.

UNHCR (1992) Water Manual for Refugee Situations, Geneva: UNHCR Programme and Technical Support Section.

World Health Organisation (1984): Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality: Vol. 2: Health Criteria and Other Supporting Information, Geneva: WHO.

World Health Organisation (1985) Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality Control for Small Community Supplies, Vol. 3, Geneva: WHO.

World Bank and UNDP have a very large range of technical, social and economic material written for the Water Decade. World Bank Washington DC USA.

Boreholes and Wells

Driscoll, F. G (1986) Groundwater and Wells, 2nd edn. St Paul, Minnesota: Johnson Filtration Systems Inc.

Rowles, R (1990) Drilling for Water: A Practical Manual, Cranfield, UK: Cranfield Institute of Technology Press, Bedford MK43 0AL UK.
Tel: +44 234 752727

Watt, S and Wood, W (1979) Hand Dug Wells: Their Construction, London: IT Publications.


Smethurst, G (1988) Basic Water Treatment, London: Thomas Telford Ltd, Telford House 1 Heron Quay London E14 9XF.

Graham, N (1988) Slow Sand Filtration - Recent Developments in Water Treatment, Chichester, UK: Ellis Harwood Market Cross House Cooper Street Chichester West Sussex PO19 1EB UK.

Heber, G (1985) Simple Methods for Treatment of Drinking Water, Eschborn, Germany: GTZ (Deutsche Geschellschaft fur Technische Zusammensarbeit) PO Box 5180 6236 Eschborn Federal Republic of Germany Tel: + 6196 79-0.

IRC: Slow Sand Filtration for Community Water Supply - Planning, Design, Construction, Operation and Maintenance, Technical Paper No.24, The Hague, The Netherlands: IRC.

Smet, J and Visscher, J (eds) (1990) Pre-treatment Methods for Community Water Supply. An Overview of Techniques and Present Experience, The Hague, The Netherlands: IRC.

Schulz, C and Okun, D (1984) Surface Water Treatment for Communities in Developing Countries, London: IT Publications.

Wegelin, M Rural Water Supply Treatment, Section 4.5b in Information and Training for Low Cost Water Supply and Sanitation Series. Washington DC: UNDP/World Bank.


Esrey, S, et al: Health Benefits from Improvements in Water Supply and Sanitation WASH Technical Report No.66. Arlington, VA: Water and Sanitation for Health Project (WASH) 1611 Kent Street Room 1001 Arlington Virginia 22209-2111 USA Tel: +1 703 243 8200.

Franceys, R, Pickford, J and Reed, W (1992) A Guide to the Development of On-Site Sanitation, Geneva: WHO. Copies from WEDC (see below)

Morgan, P (1990) Rural Water Supplies and Sanitation - A Text from Zimbabwe's Blair Research Institute, Harare, Zimbabwe: Blair Research Laboratory, Ministry of Health.

OXFAM (1993) Core Information on Water and Sanitation in Emergency Situations - OXFAM Checklist, Oxford UK: OXFAM.

Cairncross, S (1988) Small Scale Sanitation. Ross Institute Bulletin No.8, London: Ross Institute of Tropical Hygiene London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine Keppel Street Gower Street London WC1E 7HT UK.

UNHCR (1994) Technical Approach: Environmental Sanitation. Geneva: UNHCR Programme and Technical Section.

Wagner, E and Lanoix, J (1958) Excreta Disposal for Rural Areas and Small Communities, WHO Monograph Series No. 39. Geneva: WHO.

WEDC (1993) Emergency Sanitation for Refugees. Technical Brief No.38 in Waterlines Vol. 12, No.2 October, London: IT Publications.

Hygiene Promotion

Boot, M and Cairncross, S (193) Actions Speak, The Study of Hygiene Behaviour in Water Supply and Sanitation Projects The Hague, The Netherlands: IRC and London: London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.

Boot, M: Just Stir Gently: The Way to Mix Hygiene Education with Water Supply and Sanitation. Technical Paper No.29. The Hague, The Netherlands: IRC.

IRC (1988) Hygiene Education in Water Supply and Sanitation. Technical Paper No.27. The Hague: IRC.