|GATE - 2/96 - Renewable Energy and Solar Energy Use (GTZ GATE, 1996, 52 p.)|
- BMZ-Programme "Safer future through climate protection"
- Community participation among dryland dwellers
BMZ-Programme "Safer future through climate protection"
Bonn -With a new programme for the promotion of environmental protection and renewable energies in the Third World the German government aims at contributing to global climate protection. More rational forms of energy use through the modernisation of production methods will be promoted as well as the renovation of old power stations, the reduction of harmful emissions and the expansion of mass public transport. On the list are also solar technology, wind energy and small-scale water power stations. In addition, countries will be supported as they move towards CFC-free products.
When presenting the programme in April, Carl-Dieter Spranger, the Minister for Economic Cooperation and Development, emphasised that the government also aims to secure jobs in Germany. German environment technology is particularly strong and competitive. Therefore, it could benefit from the increase in demand for environment technology from newly industrialized countries.
The programme, which is planned to last several years, has a budget of one billion Marks. It is funded by budgets which were originally reserved for the tenth replenishment of the International Development Association (IDA), an agency of the World Bank which is based in Washington DC. Since the USA is in arrears with their payments for IDA, Germany will only pay its contribution according to its quota. Instead of three there will only be two billion Marks flowing from Bonn to Washington.
Minister Spranger stressed that the funding from Bonn is not included in the country quota of bilateral development cooperation, but is being offered in addition. The funding is also in addition to the German contributions for the reduction of carbon dioxide.
Community participation among dryland dwellers
Nairobi -The Dryland Ecosystems & Desertification Control
Unit of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the Environmental
Liaison Centre International (ELCI) are currently devising a method to approach
effectively a community-based evaluation of projects.
This method was tested in Nothern Kenya in an area where several projects are operating in the same locality. The final document will be a manual for development workers with practical guidelines on how to apply this method in the field.
The first results have proved very interesting concerning the comunity-based approach to the perception of their community's environment, as well as of the on-going projects.
Not only do the people see the different projects in a completely different way to us, but there is also a difference of perception among the various stakeholders within the same community. "Indigenous" appraisal of projects serves as a mediator between our linear way of thinking and the perceptions of the community, and thus facilitates a better understanding that is so important for project success.
For more information contact:
P. O. Box 30552
Tel. + 25 42 62 32 65
Fax + 25 42 62 32 84