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close this bookAsbestos Overview and Handling Recommendations (GTZ, 1996)
close this folderPart VII Annexes
View the documentAnnex 1: Maps on the deposits of Asbestos, Asbestos consumption and commercial trade of raw Asbestos
View the documentAnnex 2: Health and safety data sheet for Asbestos cement in UK
View the documentAnnex 3: Asbestos fiber emissions from particular processes
View the documentAnnex 4: US Federal Regulations for Asbestos
View the documentAnnex 5: Commercial names of Asbestos containing products
View the documentAnnex 6: Advantages and disadvantages of Asbestos abatement methods
View the documentAnnex 7: Asbestos data from the environmental handbook Vol. III: Compendium of environmental standards
View the documentAnnex 8: Questionnaire on country profiles regarding Asbestos

Annex 4: US Federal Regulations for Asbestos


Occupational Standards

OSHA

6/72 permanent standard: for occupational exposure of 5 f/cc. to be lowered to 2 f/cc in 1 976.

OSHA

10/75 proposed lowering standard to 0.5 f/cc.

OSHA

7/76 2 f/cc standard became effective

NIOSH

12/76 recommended OSHA lower the standard to 0.1 f/cc.

MSHA

3/76 2 f/cc standard in coal mines.

MSHA

11/78 2 f/cc standard in metal and nonmetallic mines (includes sand. gravel & crushed stone operations.)

OSHA

11/83 issued emergency temporary standard (ETSI of 0.5 f/cc.)

OSHA

11/83 ETS stayed pending legal arguments by Asbestos industry

OSHA

3/84 ETS overturned in Federal District Court.

OSHA

4/84 proposed lowering pesmissible exposure level lo either 0.5 or 0.2 f/cc. Air Emissions

EPA/NESHAP

3/71 Asbestos listed as a hazardous air pollutant.

EPA/NESHAP

4/73 "no visible emissions" standard for milling and manufacturing of Asbestos products and demolition of buildings-prohibited spray application for most uses of friable materials containing more than 1 % Asbestos.

EPA/NESHAP

10/75 waste collection and disposal Included under the no visible emissions standard, added several processing industries to those already covered: renovation operations regulated.

EPA/NESHAP

6/78 extended provisions to cover all uses of friable spray-on material and no visible emissions standard to cover ail friable Asbestos-containing materials during demolition and renovation, U.S. Supreme 1178 decision in the Adamo Wrecking Co. case Court ruled that EPA did not. prior to the 1977 Clean Air Act amendments, have the authority to impose work practice requirements, thus invalidating those pares of the NESHAP regulations which are not emissions standards.

EPA/NESHAP

7/83 proposed reinstatement of these provisions.

EPA/NESHAP

4/84 provisions reinstated by promulgating current standard, Asbestos In Schools

EPA

3/79 through the OTS. EPA initialed a technical assistance program to help schools identify and control friable Asbestos-containing materials.

EPA/TSCA

9/79 ANPR on Asbestos-containig materials in schools.

EPA/TSCA

9/80 proposed rule on identification and notification of friable Asbestos-containing materials In schools

U.S. Dept of

9/80 under the Asbestos School Hazard Education Detection and Control Act. proposed a rule to establish a gram and loan program to reimburse schools for detecting and controlling friable Asbestos-containing materials in schools.

U.S. Dept of

1/81 final rule-funds have not been education appropriated to conduct this program.

EPA/TSCA

5/82 final rule on identification and notification of friable Asbestos-containing materials in schools.

EPA/TSCA

2/83 granted a Section 21 petition from the Service Employees Intl Union to commence regulatory action on schools and buildings Asbestos abatement.

EPA/TSCA

2/83- granted a Section 21 petition from the 5/84 Service Employees Intl Union to commence regulatory action on schools and buildings Asbestos abatement.

EPA

8/84 under the Asbestos School Hazard Abatement Act of 1984. administers a loan and grant program to help schools eliminate Asbestos hazards. Commercial Use of Asbestos

CPSC

12/77 rules prohibiting use of Asbestos In consumer patching compounds and embertzing agents.

EPA/TSCA

10/79 ANPR with CPSC announcing intent to consider regulations of commercial uses of Asbestos

EPA/TSCA

12/79 ANPR modification.

EPA/TSCA

9/80 proposed rule under Section 8(a) to require reporting of production and exposure data on Asbestos.

EPA/TSCA

7/82 final rule under Section 8(a) to require reporting of production and exposure dale on Asbestos. Water Emissions

EPA/FWPCA

2/74 effluent guidelines for Asbestos manufacturing point sources and new source performance standards. Waste Disposal

EPA/RCRA

5/80 Asbestos listed as a hazardous waste in proposed rule.

EPA/RCRA

11/80 when Issuing interim final rules on portions of the disposal regulations. EPA staled it would "temporartly defer" promulgation of the listing of Asbestos while investigating the extent to which NESHAP facilities afford comparable protection. Other Actions

DOT

8/79 rule toe require controls during transportation of friable Asbestos.

FDA

3/75 rule to prevent release of Asbestos from fillers used for some drugs.

FDA

1/76 rule lo revoke permission to use the electrolytic diaphragm process for salt