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close this bookAsbestos Overview and Handling Recommendations (GTZ, 1996)
close this folderPart II. Asbestos
close this folder2. Legal regulations for the production, introduction to the market and use of Asbestos containing materials and Asbestos products
View the document(introduction...)
View the document2.1 Federal Republic of Germany
View the document2.2 Directives of the European Community
View the document2.3 United States of America
View the document2.4 Standards in other countries (incl. developing countries)
View the document2. 5 International standards: International Labor Organization

2.4 Standards in other countries (incl. developing countries)

Table 8 shows an overview of the international standards for Asbestos limits. They have been taken from the "code of practice" of the International Labor Organization (ILO) on "Safety in the use of Asbestos" from 1984, and refer to the situation up to 1983.

The table describes only the state of the legislation in 1983, which certainly limits the application for the current situation. For instance, in the USA the limits are no longer checked, but rather a ban on Asbestos and Asbestos containing products has been discussed for all types of Asbestos applications with a deadline of 1996, and for some particular ones a deadline of 1993 has been fixed.

With regard to the table, it is apparent that between industrial, verging and developing countries there are no large differences in the legislation concerning maximum Asbestos exposure. However, based on these data, a qualitative statement cannot be made on the actual situation nor on the implementation of the legislation. Furthermore, only a few developing countries are explicitly listed in the table.

Table 8: International Regulations on Asbestos

Country

Regulations

Limit values (f = fiber)

Australia

National Health and Medical Research Council

Amosite 1.0 f/ml



Chrysotile 1.0 f/ml



Crocidolite 0.1 f/ml

Austria

July 1980

1,250 particles/cm³ (dust cont. < 2,5 % Asbestos)



650 particles/cm³ (dust cont. 2,5-15 % Asbestos)



300 particles/cm³ (dust cont. 15-50 % Asbestos)



150 particles/cm³ (dust cont. > 50% Asbestos)

Belgium

January 1980

Amosite 2.0 f/ml



Chrysotile 2.0 f/ml



Crocidolite 0.2 f/ml

Canada

Special regulation in each province

1982 Ontario:



Amosite 0.5 f/ml



Chrysotile 1.0 f/ml



Crocidolite 0.2 f/ml



other provinces including Quebec still have a time



weighted average (TWA) of "less or equal" to 2.0



f/ml for Asbestos in general

Cyprus

Amendment 1981, No. 1705

All types of Asbestos 2.0f/ml

Czechoslovakia

Ministry of Health, Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, Guidelines No. 46, 1 I May 1978

Dust containing Asbestos



(a) below 10 %: 4 mg/m³



(b) over 10 %: 2 mg/m³

Denmark


Crocidolite 0.1 f/ml



All other types of Asbestos 2.0 f/ml

Finland

23 September 1976

All types of Asbestos 2.0 f/ml

France

Decree No. 77-949, 17 September 1977

All types of Asbestos 2.0 f/ml

Fed Republic of Germany

1 July 1982

All types of Asbestos 1.0 f/ml

India

Model Rule 123-A under section 112 of the Factories Act

Amosite 2.0 f/ml



Chrysotile 2.0 f/ml



Crocidolite 0.2 f/ml



Other forms 2.0 f/ml

Indonesia


Amosite 1.0 f/ml



Chrysotile 1.0 f/ml



All other types of Asbestos 4.0 f/ml;



no standard given for Crocidolite, which is



understood to be banned

Ireland

1972, 1975

Amosite 2.0 f/ml



Chrysotile 2.0 f/ml



Crocidolite 0.2 f/ml

Israel

Jan. 1980, March 1982

All types of Asbestos 1.0 f/ml

Italy

All types of Asbestos 1.0 f/ml


Japan

Japan Industrial Health Society 1981

Crocidolite 0.2 f/ml



All other types of Asbestos 2.0 f/ml

Netherlands

October 1983

Chrysotile 2.0 f/ml



Crocidolite forbidden

New Zealand

24 August 1981

Actinolite, Amosite, Anthophyilite, Chrysotile,



Tremolite:



(a) 1.0 f/ml for any 4 hours' exposure



(b) 6.0 f/ml for any 10 minutes' exposure



Crocidolite: 0.2 f/ml for any 10 minutes' exposure

Nigeria

Draft Code of Practice

All types of Asbestos 2.0 f/ml

Norway

May 1983

Amosite 0.5 f/ml



Tremolite 0.5 f/ml



Crocidolite 0.2 f/ml



All other types of Asbestos 2.0 f/ml

Spain

August 1982

All types of Asbestos 2.0 f/ml

Sweden


All types of Asbestos (except corcidolite) 1.0 f/ml

Thailand

30 May 1977

All types of Asbestos 5.0 f/ml

United Kingdom

1 January 1984

As from I August 1984:



Amosite 0.2 f/ml



Chrysotile 0.5 f/ml



Crocidolite 0.2 f/ml

United States

1 July 1976, OSHA

All types of Asbestos 2.0 f/ml (currently under revision) threshold limit values (TLV's) recommended by ACGIH (American Conference of Governmental



Industrial Hygienists), 1982:



Amosite 0.5 f/ml



Chrysotile 0.5 f/ml



Tremolite 0.5 f/ml



Crocidolite 0.2 f/ml



all other forms of Asbestos 2.0 f/ml

USSR

GOST, 12-1-005-76

Dust containing over 10 % Asbestos: 2 mg/m³



Asbestos cement: 6 mg/m³



Asbestos bakelite: 8 mg/m³

Zambia

1 January 1984

Amosite 0.2 f/ml



Chrysotile 0.5 f/ml



Crocidolite 0.2 f/ml (is not imported into Zambia)



All other types of Asbestos 1.0 f/ml

Quelle: ILO: Safety in the use of Asbestos, 1984