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close this bookAsbestos Overview and Handling Recommendations (GTZ, 1996)
close this folderPart II. Asbestos
close this folder2. Legal regulations for the production, introduction to the market and use of Asbestos containing materials and Asbestos products
View the document(introduction...)
View the document2.1 Federal Republic of Germany
View the document2.2 Directives of the European Community
View the document2.3 United States of America
View the document2.4 Standards in other countries (incl. developing countries)
View the document2. 5 International standards: International Labor Organization

2. 5 International standards: International Labor Organization

The ILO was founded in 1919, as a forum for the development of common measures for governments, employers and unions to support social fairness and to improve living conditions throughout the world. In 1946 the ILO became the first special organization in the United Nations. Today the ILO has 149 member nations.

One of the most important duties of the ILO is the working out of agreements and recommendations for the improvement of working conditions. Agreements and recommendations specify minimum requirements and provide examples and suggestions for the international law of the member nations. With the ratification of an agreement, the member nations are obliged to apply the stipulations of the agreement and to submit themselves to international controls. A recommendation is comparable to an agreement, does not require ratification and contains detailed guidelines.

The ILO published the Code of Practice on Safety in the Use of Asbestos in 1984. These guidelines include recommendations on the following matters, among others:

- Responsibility of employers and employees in the Asbestos processing industry,
- Asbestos investigations at workplaces,
- Use of alternative materials,
- Occupational safety measures and training,
- Packaging, transport and storage of Asbestos containing products,
- Disposal of Asbestos containing wastes and
- Information on the labelling of Asbestos containing products.

The guidelines do not contain exposure limits.

Further, measures to reduce Asbestos exposure are recommended, particularly for Asbestos mining and the processing of Asbestos containing textiles, cement, insulation, clutches and break linings.

Based on these recommendations, an agreement on Asbestos was passed in 1986, and has since been ratified by Canada, Finland, and 9 other member nations (see Table 9).

Table 9: Asbestos Convention, 1986 (Date of entry into force: 16/06/1989)

States

Ratification registered

States registered

Ratification

BOLIVIA

11.06.90

GUATEMALA

18.04.89

BRAZIL

18.05.90

NORWAY

04.02.92

CAMEROON

20.02.89

SPAIN

02.08.90

CANADA

16.06.88

SWEDEN

02.09.87

ECUADOR

1 1.04.90

UGANDA

27.03.90

FINLAND

20.06.88



Total ratifications: 11

Source: ILO

The agreement on Asbestos was appended by the "Recommendation on Safety in the Use of Asbestos" in June 1986.