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close this bookEthnoveterinary Medicine in Asia - Poultry (IIRR, 1994, 40 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentCollaborating organizations
View the documentParticipants and workshop staff
View the documentHow to use this manual
View the documentReduced appetite
View the documentCoughs and colds
View the documentDiarrhea
View the documentIntestinal worms
View the documentTicks, lice and mites
View the documentFungal diseases
View the documentInfectious diseases
View the documentWounds
View the documentHousing
View the documentHeat stress
View the documentFeeding
View the documentCalcium deficiency

Diarrhea

Diarrhea can be caused by many different problems. See the table below and the section on Infectious diseases.

Symptome

Causes

Bloody and watery diarrhea.

Most likely to be coccidiosis.

Worms in diarrhea.
Frequent bouts of diarrhea.
Watery diarrhea.

Worms.

Diarrhea is green or white.

Bacterial infection. (See section on Infectious diseases).

Diarrhea loose and grey.

Nutritional, due to sudden change in diet, excessive feeding of one grain, too much salt in diet.

Diarrhea watery and green, with foul odor. Many chickens in village die.

Newcastle disease. (See section on Infectious diseases).

Prevention

· Provide clean drinking water.

· Give clean feed.

· Sweep around and inside the home every day.

· Throw garbage and bird droppings into a manure pit.

· Crush together 7-10 cloves of garlic and a fingernail sized piece of dried turmeric rhizome. Mix this amount in the poultry feed every day (this is enough for 10 adult birds).

· Boil 250 g of brown sugar with 1 liter of water. Add 250 g of powdered turmeric rhizome and boil until only half the water remains. Allow to cool and store in a clean, dry bottle. Add 3 tablespoons of the mixture in the drinking water each day. This amount is for 10 birds.
(India, Indonesia. 1, 2, 3, 4)

Treatment

Use one of these remedies. The dosages are enough for 10 birds.

· Crush 7-10 cloves of garlic and mix with the poultry feed. Give for 2-3 days or until the diarrhea stops. This can also be used as a preventive (see above). (1, 2, 3, 4)

· 7-10 cloves of garlic.
1 onion bulb.
5-10 g (¼ handful) of cumin seeds
¼ handful of fenugreek seeds.
Thumb-sized piece of dry turmeric rhizome.

Grind these ingredients together and mix in the feed.
Give for 2-3 days. (1, 2, 3, 4)

· Grind 5 g of seeds (or 5 g of bark) of Sesbania aegyptiaca. Mix with feed.
(Andhra Pradesh, India. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

· Grind ¼ of a dried mace (Myrstica fragrans) fruit. Add to the feed for 2-3 day-. (1, 2, 3, 4)

· Grind a handful of leaves or roots of Azima tetracantha and mix with enough yoghurt to make a paste. Add to the feed. (Andhra Pradesh, India. 1, 2, 3, 4)

· Give the water left after cooking rice (kanjee) instead of drinking water. This helps bind the stomach and is used to rehydrate the sick birds. (1, 2, 3, 4)

· Give refined wheat flour as feed as long as the diarrhea lasts. (India. 1, 2, 3, 4)

· Grind together 10 g of rock salt and ¼ dried fruit of nutmeg (Myristica fragrans). Mix with the feed for 3-4 days. (1, 2, 3, 4)

· 1 handfull of fresh Tinosperma crispa vines.
10 cm of fresh Acacia insuavis branch.
10 cm of fresh neem bark.
1 fresh Andrographis paniculata stem.

Mix together and pound all ingredients. Squeeze out the juice. Use a dropper or syringe to put two drops of juice into the chicken's mouth once a day for 3 days. Or mix the juice with rice and feed it to the birds.

(Thailand. 1, 2, 3, 4)