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close this bookSeeds and Plant Propagation. Agroforestry Technology Information Kit (IIRR, 1992, 105 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
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View the documentWorkshop to revise the agroforestry technology information kit (ATIK)
View the documentWorkshop to revise the agroforestry technology information kit (ATIK) - November 16-21, 1992 IIRR, Silang, Cavite
View the documentCurrent program thrusts in upland development
View the documentSeeds and plant propagation: An overview
View the documentTiming of seed collection
View the documentSeed processing
View the documentSeed quality testing
View the documentHastening seed germination
View the documentSeed treatement for better and faster germination
View the documentSeed storage and longevity
View the documentAgroforestry seed storage
View the documentTree nursery: Establishment and management
View the documentVegetative propagation
View the documentAsexual propagation methods for commonly used agroforestry species: Fruit crops
View the documentRooting of cuttings in homemade mist chambers

Agroforestry seed storage


SCIENTIFIC NAMES

COMMON NAME

STORAGE ENVIRONMENT

STORABILITY

DRYING





RESPONSE

Acacia auriculiforrnis

Japanese acacia, Auri

Sun-dried, stored under ambient condition

6-12 months

Tolerant

Acacia catechu

Cutch tree, Black cutch

Ambient temperature

6-12 months

Tolerant

Acacia confuse

Ayangile

Sun-dried, stored under ambient condition

3 months

Tolerant

Acacia dealbata

Silver wattle

Ambient temperature

More than 2 years

Tolerant

Acacia decurrens

Green wattle

Ambient temperature

More than 2 years

Tolerant

Acacia famesiana

Aroma Sweet

Ambient temperature

1-2 years

Tolerant

Acacia mangium

Mangium, hickory wattle

Sun-dried, stored in air-tight containers under ambient condition

Several years

Tolerant

Acacia meamsii

Black wattle

Ambient temperature

1-2 years

Tolerant

Acacia melanoxylon

Australian blackwood

Ambient temperature

1-2 years

Tolerant

Acacia modesta


Ordinary room condition

1-2 years

Tolerant

Acacia nilotica

Egyptian acacia

Ordinary room condition

More than 2

Tolerant

Acacia senegal


Ordinary room condition

1-2 years

Tolerant

Acacia tortilis

Umbrella thorn

Ordinary room condition

1-2 years

Tolerant

Acer caesicum


Refrigerated condition

1-6 months

Tolerant

Acer campbellium


Refrigerated condition

1-6 months

Tolerant

Acer oblongum


Refrigerated condition

6-12 months

Tolerant

Afzelia rhomboidea

Tindalo

Ordinary room condition

1-2 years

Tolerant

Agathis dammara (A. Philippinensis

Almaciga, Manila copal

Ordinary room condition

1-6 months

Sensitive

Albizia lebbek

Langil, Black ebony

Sun-dried, stored under ambient condition

4-5 years

Tolerant

Albizia odoratissima


Refrigerated condition

More than 2

Tolerant

Albizia procera

Akleng parang, White siris

Sun-dried, stored under ambient condition

1 year

Tolerant

Albizia saman (Samanea saman)

Acacia, Raintree

(a) Sun-dried, stored in dry, cool, and ambient condition

Several years

Tolerant



(b) Refrigerated seeds (6-8% moisture content) stored in cans or in plastic bags

1 year


Aleurites moluccana

Lumbang, Candle nut tree

Sun-dried, stored under ordinary room condition.

1-2 years

Tolerant

Aleurites trisperma

Bagilumbang

Ordinary room condition

1 month

Tolerant

Alnus acuminate

Alnus

Sun-dried, stored under ambient condition

1 month

Tolerant

Alnus nepalensis

Alder

Refrigerated condition

1-6 months

Tolerant

Alnus nitida


Refrigerated condition

1-6 months

Tolerant

Anacardium occidentale

Cashew, Kasuy

Sun-dried for 2 days, stored under ordinary room condition

1 year

Tolerant

Anthocephalus chinensis

Kaatoan bangkal

Air-dried for 2 days, stored under ordinary room condition

1 year

Tolerant

Areca catechu

Bunga, Betel nut palm

Ordinary room condition

2.5-6 months

Tolerant

Artocarpus heterophyllus

Jackffuit, Langka

(a) In sawdust or coirdust, ordinary room temperature

1 month

Sensitive



(b) Moist seeds surface. sterilized with chlorox for 5 minutes and stored in air-tight containers at 18°C

1 month


Averrhoa carambola

Balimbing,

Star fruit ordinary room condition

2 months

Tolerant

Azadirachta indica

Neem

(a) Sealed air-tight container under ordinary room temperature

16 weeks

Tolerant



(b) Sun-dried, stored under ambient condition

2-3 weeks


Bambusa arundinaceae

Indian bamboo

Refrigerated condition

1-2 months

Tolerant

Betula alnoides


Ordinary room condition

1-2 years

Tolerant

Cajanus cajan

Kadyos, Pigeon pea

Sun-dried, stored in paper bags under ambient condition

4 months

Tolerant

Calliandra calothyrsus

Calliandra condition

Sun-dried, stored under ambient

1 year

Tolerant

Calophyllum blancoi

Bitanghol

Ordinary room condition

1-2 years

Tolerant

Calophyllum inophyllum

Bitaog

Seeds (greater than 20% moisture content) in sealed plastic bags stored in the refrigerator or cold room

6 months

Sensitive

Cananga odorata

Ilang-ilang

Ordinary room condition

1-6 months

No data

Canarium ovatum

Pili, Pili nut

Ordinary room condition

1-2 years

Tolerant

Carica papaya

Papaya

Sun-dried or shade-dried for 48 hours, stored in sealed glass or polyethene jars under ordinary room temperature

1 year

Tolerant

Cassia fistula

Golden shower

Seeds (less than 20% moisture content) in seated plastic bags stored in air-conditioned room

4-6 months

Sensitive

Cassia javanica

Antsoan

Ordinary room condition

More than 2 years

Tolerant

Cassia siamea

Balayong tindalo, Thailand shower

Sun-dried, stored under ambient condition

Several years

Tolerant

Cassia spectabilis

Antsoan dilau

Sun-dried, stored under ambient condition

Several years

Tolerant

Casuarina equisetifolia

Agoho, Casuarina, Horsetail tree

Sun-dried, stored under ambient condition

3 months

Tolerant

Citrus limon

Lemon

Treated with fungicide, stored motet in thin closed plastic bag at 0-4°C

2 years

Sensitive

Cocos nucifera

Coconut, Niyog

Select thin-husked, round, large and heavy nuts, stored under ambient condition.

80 days

Sensitive

Coffea robusta

Kape, coffee

CO2 absorbent storage medium in seated bottle at 4-7°C

6-10 months

Sensitive

Corypha utan (C. elata)

Buli, Buri palm

Sun-dried for 2 weeks, stored in plastic bags and sacks under ordinary room condition

34 months

Tolerant

Cryptomeria japonica


Refrigerated condition

6-12 months

Tolerant

Dalbergia sissoco

Zigzag rosewood

Ordinary room condition

6-12 months

Tolerant

Delonix regia

Fire tree

Seeds (7-8% moisture content) placed in cans or plastic bags and stoma in the refrigerator or air conditioned room

7 months

Tolerant

Durio zibethinus

Durian, Civet fruit

(a) Moist seeds at 28-30°C

2-3 weeks

Sensitive



(b) In air-tight container (seeds moist and surface sterilized before storage)

4 weeks


Erythrophloeum densiflorum

Kamatog

Ordinary room condition

1-2 years

Tolerant

Eucalyptus deglupta

Eucalyptus, Bagras

(a) Air-dried 2-3 days, stored under ordinary condition

3 months

Tolerant



(b) Seeds less than 10% moisture content, stored in sealed containers at 1-4°C

More than 3 months

Tolerant

Eucalyptus globulus

Tasmanian bluegum

Refrigerator condition

6-12 months

Tolerant

Eusideroxylon zwageri

Tambulian

Ordinary room condition

1-2 years

Tolerant

Garcinia mangostana

Mangosteen

In moist sand or sawdust at ordinary room condition

2 months

Sensitive

Gliridia septum

Kakawate, Madre de Cacao, Quick stick

(a) Sun-dried, stored in air-tight containers with charcoal under ambient condition or refrigerated condition year

6 weeks

Tolerant



(b) Stored and maintained dry at 17°C

3 months




(c) Stored in refrigerated condition



Gmelina arborea

Gmelina, Yemane, Paper tree

Sun-dried for 2 days, stored under ordinary room condition

3 months

Tolerant

Grevillea robusta

Siver oak, Silky oak

Refrigerated condition

1-2 years

Tolerant

Hevea brasiliensis

Rubber

(a) Moist seeds in finely perforated plastic bag with damp sawdust at 7-10°C

4 months

Sensitive



(b) Seeds with 47% moisture content stored in slightly perforated plastic bag under ambient condition and treated with fungicide

3-5 months




(c) Soak freshly collected cleaned seeds in 0.3% Benlate, drain, surface dry then store in plastic bag under ambient condition

1 year


Hopea foxworthyii

Dalingdingan

Dewinged seeds in perforated plastic bags placed in a carton box with hole at room temperature

21 days

Sensitive

Hopea helferi

Yakal

(a) In water at 4°C

3 weeks

Sensitive



(b) Unsealed plastic bag, (partial drying recommended), 47% moisture content at 15°C

37 days


Indigofera sp.

Tayum, Indigofera

Sun-dried, stored under ordinary room condition

8 months

Tolerant

Intsia bijuga

Ipil, Moluccan iron wood

(a) Seeds sun-dried for 3 days. stored under ordinary room condition

9 months

Tolerant



(b) Seeds (7-8% moisture content) in plastic bags or jute sacks stored at room temperature

1-2 years




(c) Seeds (7-8% moisture content) in plastic bags stored in the refrigerator

2 years


Lagerstroemia speciosa

Banaba

Ordinary room condition

1-6 months

Sensitive

Leucaena diversifolia

Acid ipil-ipil, Diversifolia

Sun-dried, stored under ambient condition

8 months

Tolerant

Leucaena leucocephala

Ipil-ipil, Leucaena, Horse tamarind

Sun-dried, stored under ambient condition

1-3 years

Tolerant

Mangifera indica

Mango, mangga

(a) In sealed plastic bags with moist charcoal under ordinary room condition

4 months

Sensitive



(b) Moist seeds in sealed plastic bags with charcoal, ventilated, and stored at 20-23°C

13 weeks


Mimosa scabella

Mimosa

Sun-dried, stored under ambient condition

3-5 years

Tolerant

Morus alba

Mulberry

(a) Dried seeds stored in air-tight jars with calcium chloride

1 year

Tolerant

Nephelium lappaceum

Rambutan

In sand or sawdust at ordinary room condition

1 month

Sensitive

Olea ferruginea


Ordinary room condition

6-12 months

Tolerant

Paraserianthes

Moluccan sau,

Sun-dried, stored under ambient

2 years

Tolerant

falcataria (Albizia falcataria)

Falcata, White albizia

condition



Parkia roxburghii

Kupang

Seeds (7-8% moisture content) in cans or plastic bags stored in the refrigerator or at ordinary room temperature

1-2 years

Tolerant

Passiflora edulis

Passion fruit

Stored in seated container at 20°C

9 months

Tolerant

Peltophorum pterocarpus

Siar

Sun-dried, stored under refrigerated condition

6 months

Tolerant

Persea americana

Avocado,Guacamole

(a) Moist seeds in sealed plastic bag + fungicide (soak for 5 minutes in 0.3% captan); aerated at 4°C

5 months

5 Sensitive



(b) Moist seeds in dry peat moss at 5-6°C

8 months


Picea smithiana


Refrigerated condition

6-12 months

Tolerant

Piliostigma malabaricum (Bauhinia malabarica)

Alibangbang, Butterfly tree

Ordinary room condition

1-2 years

Tolerant

Pinus caribaea

Carribean pine

Seeds (less than 10% moisture content) at 0 to 5°C

10 years

Tolerant

Pinus kesiya

Benguet pine

(a) Sun-dried seeds kept in plastic bags or bottles under ambient condition

3-12 months

Tolerant



(b) Sun-dried, ordinary room condition

1 year




(c) Sun-dried, stored in refrigerator

2 years


Pithecellobium duke

Kamachile, Manila tamarind

Sun-dried, stored under ambient condition

More than 6 months

Tolerant

Prosopis chilensis


Ordinary room condition

1-2 years

Tolerant

Prosopis cineraria


Ordinary room condition

1-2 years

Tolerant

Psidium guajava

Bayabas, Guava

Dried 1 week, kept in sealed tincan, glass jar or polyethene jar under ordinary room temperature

15 years

Tolerant

Pterocarpus indicus

Smooth narra

Sun-dried, stored under ambient condition

3 years

Tolerant

Rhizophora apiculata

Bakauan lalake

Clean, moist seeds + fungicide and insecticide stored in sealed plastic bags under ordinary room condition

2 months

Sensitive

Rhizophora mucronata

Bakauan babae, Mangrove cutch, Red mangrove

Clean, moist seeds + fungicide and insecticide stored in sealed plastic bags under ordinary room condition

2 months

Sensitive

Rhizophora stylosa

Bakauan bato

Clean, moist seeds + fungicide and insecticide stored in sealed plastic bags under ordinary room condition

2 months

Sensitive

Rhododendron spp.

Malagos

Kept over calcium chloride, 20°C temperature

4-6 months

Tolerant

Serialbizia acle

Akle

Seeds air-deed, stored under ordinary room condition

1 year

Tolerant

Sesbania sesban

Sesban

Cool and dry place

1 year

Tolerant

Shorea ovalis

Lauan

Moist seeds in sealed inflated plastic bag + fungicide kept in the dark at temperature higher than 15°C

3 months

Sensitive

Shorea robusta

Sal tree, Indian sal

Refrigerated condition

Less than 1 month

Sensitive

Shorea talura

Lauan

Moist seeds placed in sealed inflated plastic bag + fungicide and stored in the dark at 4°C

6 months

Sensitive

Sindora supa

Supa

Seeds (7-8% moisture content) in cans or plastic bags stored in the refrigerator or at ordinary room condition

1-2 years

Tolerant

Spathodea campanulata

African tulip

Ordinary room condition

Short-lived

Sensitive

Swietenia macrophylla

Large leaf mahogany

(a) Sun-dried, stored in seated container with charcoal or sawdust

1 year

Tolerant



(b) Refrigerated seeds in seated containers with charcoal or sawdust

More than 1 year




(c) Sun-dried, stored under ambient condition

4 months


Symphonia globulifera


Placed in wet medium, 15°C

12 months

Sensitive

Tamarindus indica

Tamarind, Sampaloc

Sun-dried, stored under ambient

6-12 months condition

Tolerant

Tarrietia sylvatica

Dungon

Ordinary room condition

1-2 years

Tolerant

Tectona grandis

Teak, Yati condition

Sun-dried, stored under ambient

1 year

Tolerant

Terminalia bellirica


Ordinary room condition

6-12 months

Tolerant

Terminalia catappa

Talisai, Tropical

Ordinary room condition almond

1-2 years

Tolerant

Terminalia chebula

Myrabolans

Ordinary room condition

6-12 months

Tolerant

Theobroma cacao

Cacao, Cocoa

(a) + fungicide, 31-33% moisture content, 25-30°C

4 months

Sensitive



(b) Peeled seeds are shade- dried for 2 hours, kept in plastic bags under ambient condition and treated with fungicide

3 months




(c) Stored in damp charcoal/sawdust/moist sand, dried in air conditioned room, and dusted with fungicide in perforated bags

6 months


Toona calantas

Kalantas

Ordinary room condition

1-6 months

Sensitive

Toona sureni

Danupra

Ordinary room condition

1-6 months

Sensitive

Triplaris cumingiana

Palo-santo

Ordinary room condition

1-6 months

Sensitive

Vitex parviflora

Molave

Sun-dried, stored under ambient condition

1 year

Tolerant

Wikstroemia spp.

Salago

(a) Sun-dried, stored under refrigerated condition

6 months

Tolerant



(b) Sun-dried, stored under ambient condition

2 months

Tolerant