|Basic Husbandry Practices and Veterinary Care (IIRR, 1996, 60 p.)|
Pesticides are substances which kill or repel pests.
Most pesticides are harmful to people and animals when they enter the body through the mouth, skin or nose, Skin contact is most difficult to prevent.
Safe disposal of chemical pesticides and their containers
To avoid accidental poisoning of people and animals, carefully dispose of empty containers and unused pesticides. Bury these in a pit far from any water source to avoid contamination.
Burn empty pesticide bags and cardboard containers in the open. Keep away from the smoke. Cover the ashes with soil. Ensure that the buried ashes can not contaminate water sources.
Burning empty pesticides bags
Signs of pesticide poisoning in animals
- Frothy mouth
Botanical pesticides are formulations made from plants and other materials found in the environment. They are less toxic than commercial pesticides and can be prepared by farmers.
1 kg Gliricidia (madre de cacao) leaves
2 tablespoons vinegar
1 gallon water powdered detergent (enough to saturate the water)
To saturate the water add powdered detergent until no more powder will dissolve.
1. Pound 1 kg of Gliricidia leaves.
2. Soak overnight in 1 gallon of water.
3. Add 2 tablespoons of vinegar.
5. Add powdered detergent to the solution.
6. Spray or bathe the animal with the solution.
Botanical pesticides preparing
This natural pesticide can control external parasites like mites ticks and lice.