Cover Image
close this bookBasic Husbandry Practices and Veterinary Care (IIRR, 1996, 60 p.)
View the documentForeword
View the documentBody parts of farm animals
View the documentNames of farm animals
View the documentFarm animals and their young
View the documentLivestock production
View the documentReproduction of poultry
View the documentBreeding
View the documentCare of calves and kids at birth
View the documentCare of piglets
View the documentFeeding orphaned animals
View the documentNutrition
View the documentDeworming
View the documentVaccination
View the documentCastration
View the documentHoof trimming
View the documentDehorning
View the documentClipping milk teeth of piglets
View the documentDisinfection of pen and equipment
View the documentWaste management and disposal
View the documentPesticides

Livestock production





Sexual maturity**

9 mos

1 year +

6-8 mos

5-6 mos

Breeding age**

14-18 mos

2 years +

10-12 mos

8 mos

Heat cycle

about 3 weeks

about 3 weeks

about 3 weeks

about 3 weeks

Duration of heat

up to 1 day

up to 1 day

1-3 days

1-2 days

Duration of pregnancy

9 months

11 months

5 months

3 months, 3 weeks, 3 days

No. of offspring

1 calf

1 calf

1-3 kids

9 piglets

Milk production

Varies: Local breeds up to 8 kg per day for about 10 months, exotic breeds can produce much more.

1-3 kg per day for about 8 months

0.5 liters per day for about 3 months

30 days

Weaning age

Depends on management system. Important is that newborn animals are given colostrum (the first milk of a mother) as soon as possible after birth.

Castration age

150 days

150 days

30-60 days

14 days

*Figures in this column refer to the Philippine carabao.

**Figures in this table are approximate only. Actual figures may depend on the breed, the individual animal, feeding and other factors.