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close this bookRegenerative Agriculture Technologies for the Hill Farmers of Nepal: An Information Kit (IIRR, 1992, 210 p.)
close this folderNatural resources and their enhancement
View the documentOptimum Use of Marginal Land with Sgroforestry System
View the documentMultipurpose Tree Species and Their Uses
View the documentLive Fence: A Multipurpose Living Structure
View the documentTree Seed Collection
View the documentThe Forest and its Many Uses
View the documentBamboo Propagation and Management
View the documentThe Use and Conservation of Traditional Medicine Plant Resources
View the documentEthno-Veterinary Drugs: Reported Use from the Central Development Region
View the documentUnderutilized Food Crop Resources in the Midhills of Nepal
View the documentWhy Bee keeping? The Role of Bees in pollination
View the documentIntermediate Beekeeping in Nepal
View the documentImproved Terracing for Soil Conservation on Hill Farms
View the documentSmall Ponds for Water Conservation
View the documentRunoff Diversion (Mal Tarkaure) for Landslide Control
View the documentPlanning Erosion Control Measures
View the documentUnderstanding the Environment to Determine Possible Local Solutions to Soil Erosion
View the documentGully Stabilisation

Why Bee keeping? The Role of Bees in pollination

Given the suitable climate and the abundance of bee flora in the mid hills, swarms multiply in nature. Bees seek shelter in hollow places (i.e., walls, logs, etc.) which they usually find in villages. Thus, bees taught people to make hives in walls and logs where they could settle.

Bee keeping is an important component of agriculture. However, it is not new as bees have been kept by people from time immemorial. Probably the first sweet substance which our forefathers tasted was honey. Sugar became our main sweetener only after the cultivation of sugarcane was started. In remote villages honey is often still the only available sweetener. Today, however, bees provide not only honey. but other Products as well.

1. Honey

· Honey is well known for being a tasty foodstuff which has a high nutritional, as well as medicinal and religious value. It can be easily stored, transported and sold at high prices (Rs. 60 150 per manna).


2. Bees wax

· Beeswax is another beekeeping product of which many people (traditional beekeepers) are still unaware. Although it can be sold in Kathmandu at around Rs. 200/kg, it may be difficult to sell locally.

· Other uses

· Medicinal ointments
· Industrial uses, paints, polishes, cosmetics

Bees wax

3. Pollen

· Considered as one of the best forms of protein. If taken regularly (15 gm daily), it has a rejuvenating effect.

· Rich in vitamins and minerals.

· Has many medicinal properties.


4. Royal jelly

· A recently known substance rich in vitamins and minerals which checks aging and has many medicinal properties.

Royal jelly

5. Bee stings (Bee venom)

· Has many curative properties for gout, rheumatism, arthritis, goiter and many more nerve diseases. Also can be used to treat minor sprains and blood clots.

Bee venom

6. Pollination

· Bees visit flowers for nectar and pollen. The hairy body of the bee carries pollen grains to different flowers which helps pollination and crosspollination.

· Pollination increases crop yields by 40-400% depending on me crop (i.e., citrus, mustard, sesame, soybean).


Beekeeping needs a relatively small investment. It uses little land and the quality of land is not important. Bees make use of otherwise unused resources - pollen and rector. Bees conserve plant life, increase crop yields, and help protect the environment.

Beekeeping training for extension workers and farmers are offered by:

1. BETREST (government bee training facility), Godavari, Kathmandu

2. Himalayan Bee Concern, Chobhar Gate, Kathmandu

3. Thapa Bee Consultancy (Pvt.) Ltd., Bhajangal, Bahirigaon Bikash Samiti, Ward No. 6, Kirtipur, Kathmandu


The roll of pollination

Pollination is the transfer of pollen grains from the male part of the flower known as the anther to the female part called the stigma. Fertilization is the result of the union of the male nucleus of the pollen grain with the female nucleus of the egg of the ovule. The ovule after fertilization develops into the seed.

Pollination by honeybees stimulates germination of pollen grains, increases viability of seeds and
embryos, entrances resistance to diseases ensures uniform seed set end increases number and size of seeds. In turn the flowers provide the bees with nectar and pollen which they use for brood rearing, and making honey and other hive products.

Some vegetable crops which are benefitted by bee pollination








Pepper green







Bitter gourd



Bottle gourd


NOTE: Caution should be used when applying pesticides to crops being pollinated by bees. Pesticides should not be applied during the bloom period; pesticides with short-term residual effects should be selected and used; and pesticides should be applied during thenight or early morning hours when bees are not flying.