|Regenerative Agriculture Technologies for the Hill Farmers of Nepal: An Information Kit (IIRR, 1992, 210 p.)|
|Livestock and fodder|
Description. The salt lick is a block of salt mixed with clay earth and other herbs/medicines for livestock consumption.
· regular feeding of salt improves digestion
· saves labour and time
· provides a vitamin source for the livestock
Uses. The salt lick is hung inside livestock shelters where the livestock are tethered and have ready access to lick it. Provision of the lick means that livestock can eat salt whenever they feel the need/desire - they usually know best! This means they have an available supply of salt, an essential part of their diet, and other herbs/medicines such as garlic. The amount of salt provided is the same as the traditional methods of mixing with meal every so often, so with a salt lick, there is no need to provide extra salt with other food. The salt lick is suitable for cattle, buffalo, horses, sheep and goats.
Materials. Salt; clay soil (from sub-surface) such as for making pots, chilums (sulpas); wild garlic and other herbs/medicines you would normally feed to livestock; finely ground egg shells; mortar and pestle, clean water. Use as much salt as you would normally feed to the livestock in 3 months.
1. Grind the salt into a fine powder.
2. Take an equivalent amount of soil and do the same.
3. Take an equivalent amount of grain husk, any herbs and local medicines such as Dundi and wild garlic. Grind them and mix all the ingredients together to form a stiff paste. Egg shells and any other vitamin substances can be added.
4. Make a compact ball of the mixture.
5. Push a thick stick through the middle of the ball.
6. Leave the salt lick in light shade for 2-3 days to dry thoroughly.
7. Hang the salt lick by the ends of the stick in the livestock shelter. Before the livestock have finished the salt lick, make a new one.
Method - How to hang the salt lick