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close this bookSoil and Water Conservation (SWC) Technologies and Agroforestry Systems (IIRR, 1992, 171 p.)
View the documentMessage
View the documentWorkshop to revise
View the documentList of participants
View the documentCurrent program thrusts in Upland development
View the documentDegradation of the uplands
View the documentNutrient cycles in upland farms
View the documentEstablishing an swcsystem
View the documentFarm management practices that reinforce SWC
View the documentTraditional soil and water conservation (SWC) technologies
Open this folder and view contentsOptions for contour farming:
View the documentLand management practices for improved water conservation
View the documentIn-row tillage
View the documentMaking an A-frame
View the documentControlling Cogon and Talahib
View the documentUse of derris as botanical pesticide
View the documentFire control in the uplands
View the documentCultural management of pest infestation
Open this folder and view contentsOrganic fertilizer sources:
View the documentBiofertilizers
View the documentSelection of cover crops
View the documentBatao in the upland. Cropping system
View the documentIncreasing the woody contents in leaf litter
Open this folder and view contentsExamples of indigenous agroforestry systems:

Fire control in the uplands

Fire is a major hazard during the dry season in newly established plantations, especially if located adjacent to cogonal areas. The presence of dry weeds and cover crops in a plantation during the dry season increases the possibility of fire. Aside from intentional sabotage, a carelessly thrown cigarette butt can easily cause a major conflagration in such areas. To minimize the possibility of fire from within the plantation, incorporate the dry grass or cover crops thru cultivation.


Any area free from vegetation will deter the spread of fire. Examples of these include streams, canals and roads. The removal/minimization of vegetation beside these natural firebreaks during the dry season will increase their ability to contain a fire.


These are 10 m wide vegetation-free strips usually established at the borders of the plantation and at given intervals inside the plantation. Fire lines at the borders can be established using tillage equipment or by controlled fires started during the early part of the dry season. The second option is quite risky and should be done by experienced personnel.

Fire lines and natural fire breaks are the first line of defense in case of fire spreading from nearby areas. People should be stationed at the outermost fire lines, ready to beat off the small fires being initiated in the property by sparks coming from the conflagration.


If a major fire is detected early enough and if the wind changes direction towards the fire, a controlled counter fire can be initiated outside the borders of the plantation so that it will spread towards the major fire. The spread of the major fire towards the plantation can be effectively stopped in this manner. The counter-fire can also be initiated on the upper slopes of a hill on the other side of which is the spreading fire.