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close this bookSpecial Public Works Programmes - SPWP - Planting Trees - An Illustrated Technical Guide and Training Manual (ILO - UNDP, 1993, 190 p.)
close this folder8. Organizing the work
View the document(introduction...)
View the document8.1 Planning
View the document8.2 Workforce
View the document8.3 Labour requirements over the year
View the document8.4 Worknorms
View the document8.5 Coordinating the work
View the document8.6 Tools and equipment
View the document8.7 Supervision and control
View the document8.8 Records to keep

8.3 Labour requirements over the year

Labour requirements and labour availability have seasonal and long term variations. The peak season for agricultural activities often clashes with the peak season for forestry activities. In the case of larger-scale tree planting projects this can be a problem. As much work as possible should be completed outside the agricultural season (i.e. surveys, clearance, soil conservation measures, etc.).

An example of a form to use for planning the monthly labour requirements over the year is given on the opposite page. To get an idea you need to know which area will have to be worked, at what time of the year this work is due and how many workdays are needed to complete a task (clear one hectare, plant 2,000 seedlings, etc.). The latter is known as a work norm. A further explanation is given on the following page. Planting is the most critical activity as far as timing is concerned. It should always be carried out at the beginning of the rainy season. All the other operations should be planned around the planting.

To ensure an adequate supply of labour, sufficient pay, good working conditions and job security are essential. Sudden recruitment drives or large-scale labour redundancies must be avoided. For this, planning is needed.

Example: MONTHLY LABOUR REQUIREMENTS

Operation

Area to be treated ha

Worknorm wd/ha

Total wd required

Estimated no. of full time workers

Time chart for operations and distribution of labour by workdays

YEAR 1.

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

Survey

35

1

35

1.5

35












Clearance

35

10

350

10


130

130

90









Pegging out

30

4

120

10




40

80








Micro catchments

10

20

200

10





60

140







Planting

35

25

875

30






250

500

125





Weeding 1

35

20

700

30








225

275

200



Weeding 2

35

15

525

26









100

125

300


Total workdays - Year 1.

2805


35

130

130

130

120

390

500

350

375

325

300

-

YEAR 2.













Survival count

35

0.5

18

2

18












Replanting

10

16

160

15






120

40






Weeding 3

30

4.5

135

12







45

45

45




Total workdays - Year 2.

313


18

-

-

-

-

120

85

45

45

-

-

-