Cover Image
close this bookSchool Health Education to Prevent AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD) : Students' Activities (UNESCO - WHO, 1994, 79 p.)
close this folderUnit 1: Basic Knowledge on HIV/AIDS/STD
View the documentHIV/AIDS/STD - Basic questions and answers
View the documentLooking into AIDS
View the documentHIV, AIDS, STD - What do they mean?
View the documentHow a person gets HIV*
View the documentYou can’t get AIDS by...
View the documentWhat do you believe?
View the documentWhat would you do?
View the documentWhat is your risk?
Open this folder and view contentsAre you at risk?
View the documentProtect yourself against AIDS
View the documentDear Doctor Sue
View the documentWhich is safer?
View the documentWhat happens with HIV infection?
View the documentHow do you know if you have HIV/AIDS?
View the documentTesting for HIV
View the documentTest: What you know...about testing
View the documentAIDS help - Who? Where?
View the documentYou be the doctor
View the documentAre you a responsible person?

How a person gets HIV*

*(the virus that causes AIDS)


It is most important to know how HIV is spread. This information can help you protect yourself.


1. With your teacher read the three methods of transmission of HIV.
2. Ask any questions you might have about how HIV is spread.

Sexual intercourse

· Most people get HIV by having unprotected sexual intercourse with an infected person.
· Unprotected sexual intercourse means having vaginal or anal sex without a condom.
· HIV may also be transmitted through oral sex.

Infected blood

1. One can get HIV through a blood transfusion with infected blood.
2. One can get HIV by using instruments used on someone with HIV for ear-piercing, tattoos or circumcision, which have not been properly cleaned.
3. One can get HIV by using needles or syringes used by someone else for injections, which have not been properly cleaned.

Infected mother to her unborn or newborn child

· Babies born to mothers with HIV may become infected in the womb before birth, during birth, and sometimes through breast milk.

It is not easy to get AIDS. Unlike many common diseases, HIV cannot get to us through air, food or water. The virus cannot live outside our body for long. We can only catch HIV if the body fluids of an infected person enter our body. The body fluids with a high concentration of HIV are: blood, semen and vaginal secretions.