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close this bookDisplaced Persons in Civil Conflict - 1st edition (DHA/UNDRO - DMTP - UNDP, 1991, 52 p.)
close this folderPart 2: Assistance
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentProtection and security
View the documentAssistance and relief needs
View the documentVulnerable groups
View the documentImmediate needs after cessation of conflict
View the documentAfter-effects of conflict
View the documentPreparing for reconstruction

Preparing for reconstruction

Reconstruction activities are normally funded by the major donors in the international financial institutions, such as the World Bank. The UN can play two important roles. First, in the provision of emergency rehabilitation assistance, the UN coordinator can develop programs that provide aid in such a way that it will support and lay the foundation for reconstruction activities. For example, in the provision of emergency shelter to help returning refugees and displaced persons, programs can be devised to provide building materials such as corrugated iron roofing sheets, timbers and wood panelling which can be used for emergency shelter and them be reincorporated into a permanent house. Usually such approaches are cheaper than providing tents or other forms of emergency shelter that will only be used a short period of time and will cost many hundreds of dollars each to procure and deliver to the affected areas. By providing tools and materials in the rehabilitation phase, a contribution is also being made to reconstruction.

A second way the UN participates in reconstruction is by providing technical assistance to government agencies, especially those in the affected areas to help rebuild their capabilities and expand their expertise in sectors that will require priority attention during the reconstruction period.

Once reconstruction commences, it is not unusual for UN agencies to provide support and technical assistance to me government to help it execute the reconstruction program. This is a vital role, for often new institutions will need to be created to plan and coordinate the reconstruction program.

The UN plays a vital role in preparing a country to return to peace.

The UN plays a vital role in preparing a country to return to peace.

Q. Explain how a UN agency has worked to meet some immediate need of displaced persons after a recent conflict in your region. Consider family reunification, repatriation assistance, restoration of basic services, temporary income support or food aid.

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