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close this bookDisplaced Persons in Civil Conflict - 1st edition (DHA/UNDRO - DMTP - UNDP, 1991, 52 p.)
close this folderPart 3: Operational considerations
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentPolitical constraints
View the documentLogistical difficulties
View the document''Structural'' problems
View the documentReaching people in conflict zones
View the documentAvoiding pacification
View the documentSetting priorities
View the documentStrengthening counterpart organizations

Reaching people in conflict zones

Many people may remain in the areas of conflict In recent years, donors and relief agencies have shown an increased willingness to run the risk of providing assistance to people in those areas. Agencies have begun to realize that most people are usually better off remaining in or near their homes where they can remain at least partially self-sufficient. The nature of long-term, low-intensity civil wars often permits people to stay home with an acceptable level of risk. In many cases, people are safer in rebel-held areas than if they were to flee to government-held zones. The UN has recently been involved in helping to arrange corridors through which relief aid can pass unmolested (in Angola, Ethiopia and Sudan), in establishing temporary cease-fires so that civilians can be assisted (in El Salvador) and in establishing cross-line feeding programs where people can come into government-held areas, obtain the assistance they need and take it back to their villages in the conflict zone (in northern Ethiopia).

Q. List three logistical considerations which should be taken into account in operations plans for transporting supplies to displaced persons.

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ANSWER

Considerations mentioned in this section include: area topography, seasonal climate, security conditions, changes in needs, and expense of long-range operations.

Q. Some of the difficulties with the ad hoc structure of the international relief system include: (Circle the letter next to each correct answer.)

a. Many important areas where lives can be saved are overlooked

b. The system is vastly underutilized

c. Experienced personnel are often drawn from one operation to another before completing each contract

d. few agencies are in a position to provide assistance with longer-term post-emergency needs.

ANSWER

Correct answers are a, c and d.