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close this bookCommunity Approach to Integrated Basic Services Promoting Health and Livelihood for the Urban Poor - UNCHS Pilot Project: Lucknow, Rajkot, Visakhapatnam (Government of India - HABITAT, 1999, 90 p.)
close this folder2. Lucknow City Project
View the document2.1 The City Profile
View the document2.2 Socio-economic Profile
View the document2.3 Infrastructure Arrangements
View the document2.4 Institutional Arrangements, Management and Finance
View the document2.5 Slum areas under UNCHS Programme
View the document2.6 Strategies and Activities

2.6 Strategies and Activities

Ten Malin Basti (Slum) areas have been selected under the UNCHS Programme in Lucknow city. The concept of convergence of activities under various schemes detailed earlier in section 2 was applied to the work begun in these areas. Out of these, it was decided to focus attention on five slums to ensure coverage and accomplishment of a wide variety of activities. The chosen slums were:

1. Hata Surat Singh
2. Kanghi Tola
3. Chamraukha
4. Teeka Purwa
5. Khurram Nagar

Strategies

A city level Workshop was first organised in October 1998 to introduce the objectives of the UNCHS programme to the various stakeholder groups in Lucknow. The Workshop was attended by the Principal Secretary, Uttar Pradesh State, a representative of UNCHS, the nodal officer for Lucknow, representative of LNN, representatives of SUDA/DUDA, Jal Sansthan and NGOs.

The strategy adopted as per the recommendations of this Workshop were as follows :

· Mapping of selected slum neighbourhoods in Lucknow city to identify available facilities and missing essential services.

· Preparation of maps for the identified slum areas.

· Sketching of missing basic facility such as water supply, drainage, sanitation, street paving etc.

· Educating and making representatives of CDS fully responsible for identified slum areas.

· Pooling of resources of different departments and institutions to provide facilities in slums areas more effectively.

Details of Activities

· Surveys were conducted throughout Lucknow which established that there were 639 slums in the city. These contained 114,210 households and a population of 685,260.

· The household surveys in the 10 selected slums enumerated 2765 families with a population of 14,500.

· In the five slums initially focused on under the UNCHS programme the total number of families were 795 with a population of 4000.

· Neighbourhood groups and Neighbourhood societies were formed in each of the five slums.

· These local groups/societies actively involved themselves with the civic authorities viz the SUDA/DUDA in identifying priority areas of interventions.

· Community women played a dominant and distinctive role within these community groups. In addition the work relating to pre-primary education and continuing education done in the community centres set up in each slum area, was done predominantly by the local women.

· In the field of basic infrastructure services, the work was implemented by the SUDA/DUDA. However, the communities also participated mainly by providing labour.

The details of work completed in the 5 slum areas and those ongoing under the UNCHS Programme are given in Tables 2.3, 2.4 and 2.5 respectively.


Women from a slum in central Lucknow jointly discussing for prioritising their needs.

Table 2.3 Progress Report of work completed in slums under UNCHS Scheme for the Financial Year 1998-99

S. No.

Name of Basti

Name of Work

Quantity

Cost in Rs. '000

1.

Hata Surat Singh

Sewer line

70 M

50

2.

Kanghi Tola

-

-

-

3.

Chamraukha

i) Drain

200 M




ii) BOE

108 M2

195



iii) Hand Pump India Mark 11

2 Nos.

38



iv) Pre-school Education

1 No.

39.4



v) Non-formal education

1 No.

13

4.

Teeka Purwa

i) Drain

400 M




ii) BOE

400 M2

494



iii) Hand Pump India Mark 11

4 Nos.

76



iv) Electric Poles

10 Nos.

46

5.

Khurram Nagar

i) Drain

1300 M




ii) BOE

800 M2

870



iii) Hand Pump India Mark 11

2 Nos.

39



iv) Electric Poles

45 Nos.

281



v) Pre-school Education

1 No.

39



vi) Non-formal education

1 No.

13


Paving of streets and lanes in progress. The labour is provided by the slum communities themselves.

Table 2.4 Progress Report of work on-going schemes in slums under UNCHS Scheme for the Financial Year 1999-2000

S. No.

Name of Basti

Name of Work

Quantity

Cost in Rs. '000

1.

Hata Surat Singh

Sewer line

770 M

7.10

2.

Kanghi Tola

i) Drain

150 M




ii) BOE

300 M2

2.03

3.

Chamraukha

i) Pre-school Education

1 No.

0.394



ii) Non-formal education

1 No.

0.13

4.

Teeka Purwa

Water Supply

1 No. Mini Tubewel

3.95

5.

Khurram Nagar

i) Drain

320 M

0.80



ii) Water Supply

1 No.

3.95



iii) Pre-school Education

1 No.

0.394



vi) Non-formal education

1 No.



Underground sewerage facility extended to a Lucknow slum. Individual toilets connected to the system have improved the quality of life of slum dwellers and created a better environment.


Completion of street paving and stormwater drainage work has vastly improved access and the overall look of slums in the city.

Table 2.5 Convergence of Activities under UNCHS Project in selected Slums - Lucknow

S. No

Name of schemes

Population

Infrastructure Provisions under N.S.D.P

Socio-economic Programmes

Awareness Health Programme




Under Self Employment Programme

Thrift and Credit Groups (SJSRY)

Monthly Saving of all Groups

DWCUA Groups (SJSRY)

Balika Samradhi Yojana

National Old Age Pension

Vocational Training (SJSRY)

Educational Programmes (UPA)

Primary Health Care Centre

1.

Chamraukha

750

Hand Pump-2
Drain
BOE
Pavement


1

Rs. 1000


5

2


Pre-School Education-1
Non-formal Education-1


2.

Teeka Purwa

560

Hand Pump-4
Mini Tube
Well-1
Street Light-
10 Poles
BOE
Pavement-Drain








Pre-School Education-1
(Proposed)


3.

Shamaddipur

1200

Street Light-
15 Poles

1
Rs. 25000







Pre-school Education-1

Health Camp

4.

Hata Surat Singh

526

Sewer
BOE
Pavement-Drain






1




5.

Kanghi Tola

2750

BOE
Pavement-Drain






1


Pre-School Education-1 (Proposed)


6.

Chaudhari Tola

1100

Hand Pump-2
BOE
Pavement-Drain

2
Rs. 90000





4




7.

Mehandi Tola

3425

Hand Pump-3

3
Rs 105000

1

Rs. 200

1

7

1

4



8.

Khurram Nagar

1150

BOE
Pavement-Drain
Hand Pump-2
Mini Tube
Well-1
Street Light
45 Poles

1
Rs. 50000



1




Pre-School Education -1
Non. formal Education-1

Health Camp

9.

Chhitwapur Pajawa

628

Community
Latrine
Sewer

1
Rs. 35000





1

8

Pre-School Education-1
(Proposed)


10.

Ganesh Puri

125








2



Activities upto end of UNCHS Programme

The following activities have been identified for completion upto the end of the UNCHS programme period. The total cost involved has been determined as Rs. 1,295,000 as per the details given:

I. Income Generation Activities

1. Skill upgradation training in minimum 5 batches of 20-25 women in project bastis in different trades like folder making, tie & dye, chikan work, jam, jelly and sauce production, screen printing, etc.

2. Training of each DWACUA group for establishing independent income generation units.

3. Support for upgradation of marketing skill amongst women entrepreneurs.

Budget

(Rupees)

1. Training Cost

250, 000.00

2. Loan Component

250, 000.00

3. Marketing Support

125, 000.00

4. NGO Management Cost

75, 000.00

Total

700, 000.00

II. Capacity Building Programme

A. Handpump Mechanics Training

1. Selection of at least 2 women from each project basti to be trained as Handpump Mechanics (HPMs).

2. 6 days training of the selected women as HPMs.

3. 2 days orientation of water committees.

4. Provide tools to the trained HPMs.

Budget

(Rupees)

1. Orientation of Watsan Committees

50,000

2. Training of HPMs

50,000

3. Cost of Tool Box

20,000

4. NGO Management Cost

20,000

Total

140,000

B. Training of FLE/RCH Resource Persons

1. Selection of 2 women from each project basti.

2. 10 days training of selected women as FLE/RCH Resource Persons.

3. Conducting one day basti level camps in each basti.

4. Development of resource material for community based resource centre.

Budget

(Rupees)

1. Training of Resource Person

50,000

2. FLE Camps

50,000

3. Resource Material

20,000

4. NGO Management Cost

20,000

Total

140,000

C. Health Worker/Birth Attendant Training

1. Selection of 2 women from each project basti.

2. 10 days training of health workers/birth attendants.

Budget

(Rupees)

1. Health Workers Training

50,000

2. Formation of CBSD

20,000

3. NGO Management Cost

10,000

Total

80,000

Grand Total

360,000

III. Formation of Thrift & Credit Societies

1. Two days orientation of community women on need of Thrift & Credit Societies in each project basti.

2. Selection of executives of all the groups on each basti.

3. Five days training of all the executives.

4. Maintaining of groups formed in each basti.

Budget

(Rupees)

1. 20 Orientation Session for Community Women

20,000

2. 3 Training Programmes for Executives

60,000

3. Cost of Ledgers/Passbooks etc.

10,000

4. NGO Management Cost

25,000

Total

115,000

IV. Awareness Generation Programmes


(Rupees)

1. Bi-Monthly 1 day Legal Awareness Camps

60,000

2. Bi-monthly 1 day Health Camps

60,000

Total

120,000

Grand Total (I + II + III + IV)

1295,000

Investment Plan

Keeping in view the basic concept of the UNCHS programme which seeks to converge the activities under a number of ongoing central and state programmes, the city of Lucknow has worked out an investment plan for further improvement in the physical facilities in slum areas and the quality of life of the slum dwellers. This plan has been stratified into several components which include:-

Water supply, Roads and pavements, Stormwater drainage, Street lighting, Sanitation, Solid waste management, Community facilities.

The details are given in Table 2.6.

Table 2.6 Investment Plan - Lucknow

S. No.

Name Of Bastis

Tubewell/Mini Tubewell
(Number)

Brick-on-Edge Pavement
(Square Meters)

Kerb & Channel Drain
(Meters)

Deep Drain
(Meters)

Storm Water Drain
(Meters)

Electric Pole
(Number)

Waste Bins
(Number)

Hand Pump
(Number)

Community Toilet
(Number)

Community Centre
(Number)

Water Line
(Meters)

Sewer Line
(Meters)

1.

Hate Surat Sing

1

840

400

-

100

-

3

-

-

-

400

650

2.

Kanghi Tola

-

770

350

50

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

3.

Chamraukha

-

500

320

250

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

375

4.

Teeka Purwa

-

750

300

75

-

3

2

-

-

-

-

350

5.

Chaudhari Tola

-

700

600

80

-

6

3

-

-

-

-

450

6.

Mehandi

-

1500

560

150

-

-

5

-

-

-

-

-

7.

Shamaddipur

-

370

320

205

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

460

8.

Khurram

1

3500

1950

700

-

-

-

-

1

1

650

-

9.

Ganesh Puri

-

240

150

-

-

3

-

1

-

-

-

100

10.

Chhitwapur Pajawa

-

900

300

425

-

4

4

-

-

-

-

-