|Guide to Developing Training Strategies (DHA/UNDRO - DMTP - UNDP, 55 p.)|
Since effective teamwork is absolutely essential to the success of an operation, training has to be made available to all the participants in disaster management Many training programmes focus only upon the practitioners or implementors. They are often emergency and relief oriented and aim to improve immediate response. However, a comprehensive planning process at the national level should consider training as necessary to improve all stages of disaster management including relief, rehabilitation, mitigation and preparedness. These actors may include decision-makers (politicians, senior management levels) middle management levels of relevant ministries, technical and operational (field) level of these ministries, regional and local authorities, NGOs, agencies, professionals, army and civil defence authorities, and the general public.
In the initial stages of a training programme, in-country or in-house staff with training experience may not be available. This is not to say that considerable practical, technical or management capacity in the disaster field might already be in place. However, communication of these experiences and knowledge often requires special skills. Many training programmes in their early stages of development, rely on training expertise from outside. Building indigenous training capability to sustain the desired training activities will require support for trainers as well as academic researchers to be involved in helping the programmes and developing appropriate materials.
Summary of possible groups to be trained:
· decision-makers (e.g. politicians, relevant ministers, undersecretaries, senior management levels)
· various management levels of relevant ministries (e.g. middle to lower level management)
· regional and local authorities (e.g. mayors, governors and their deputies, provincial and district level authorities)
· technical and field staff in ministry and regional/local authority departments (e.g. health workers, social workers, public works staff)
· NGDOs and agencies (e.g. Red Cross and Red Crescent, UN agencies, local organisation, community organisations)
· army and civil defense authorities
· general public (e.g. population in high risk areas, school children)
· trainers, educators, researchers
· professionals in all related disciplines (e.g. building, agriculture, economy health)
1. Examine the three examples of National Disaster Management Administration from the USA, Mexico and Turkey outlined in Appendix 1.
2. Select one and try to list the groups to be trained from the chart.
3. Add to the list other groups (non administrative) which may need training.
4. Try to develop a similar list for the organisation, department or country in which you are expected to set up training.