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close this bookEthnoveterinary Medicine in Asia - Ruminants (IIRR, 1994, 143 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentCollaborating organizations
View the documentParticipants and workshop staff
View the documentHow to use this manual
View the documentLack of appetite
View the documentFever
View the documentCoughs and colds
View the documentDiarrhea
View the documentDehydration
View the documentBloat
View the documentConstipation
View the documentPoisoning
View the documentInternal parasites: Stomach and gut worms
View the documentLiverflukes
View the documentTick infestation
View the documentScabies (mange)
View the documentLice
View the documentFungus infections of the skin
View the documentInfectious diseases
View the documentFoot rot
View the documentEye diseases
View the documentWounds
View the documentBleeding
View the documentSnake bite
View the documentSprains
View the documentDifficulty in urinating
View the documentHousing
View the documentFeeding
View the documentMineral deficiency
View the documentBreeding
View the documentPregnancy and birthing
View the documentCare of mother animals after birthing
View the documentCare of newborn
View the documentUdder infection
View the documentDecreased milk flow


Constipation or impaction usually occurs in the dry season. It can be remedied easily. However, if constipation persists for 4-5 days, it could lead to infection of the bowels.


· Straining while trying to pass dung.
· No dung or urine found left by the animal in the morning.
· Hard dung.



· Low fiber feeds.
· Not enough drinking water.
· Illness.
· Stress.
· Sudden change in diet.


· Feed animals vegetables, green forages (like maize leaves, lucerne, alfalfa, elephant or guinea grass, etc.) and other high fiber foods.

· Give adequate water.

· Reduce sources of stress.

· Keep animal housing clean.


Select any of the following treatments:

· Drench 500-750 ml vegetable oil (coconut, peanut, sesame, etc.) twice a day for 3 days. (All countries. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

· Use any of these laxatives: castor oil, liquid paraffin oil, raw linseed oil. Drench 300-400 ml a day for 1-2 days. (All countries. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

· Take 300 g of ripe tamarind (Tamarindus indica) fruit. Remove covering, seeds and fiber. Boil in 1 liter of water. Cool. Give the resulting liquid to the animal by drenching once or twice a day. Do this for 1-2 days. (Laos, Thailand. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

· Feed as many fresh banana (Musa sp.) leaves as the animal can eat until it recovers. (Philippines. 1, 2, 3, 4)

· Feed 50-100 g of dried Aloe vera leaf pulp until the animal recovers. (Indonesia. 1, 5)

· Give 10 to 20 g of powdered henna (Lawsonia inermis) leaves with rock salt. (India, Indonesia 1, 5)

· Prepare decoction of a thumb-sized turmeric (Curcuma longa) rhizome in 1 liter of water. Let the animal drink the decoction once a day for 1-3 days. (Philippines, India. 1, 2, 3, 4)

· Grind ¼ kg of Aristolochia bracteata leaves. Mix with 50 g of molasses. Feed the animal in the morning, in the evening and again the next morning. (India. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

· Chop 1 banana (Musa sapientum var. Iatundan) blossom. Crush with rock salt. Add a little water. Feed this to the animal. (Philippines. 1, 2, 3, 4)

Treatment with banana blossom