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close this bookEthnoveterinary Medicine in Asia - Ruminants (IIRR, 1994, 143 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentCollaborating organizations
View the documentParticipants and workshop staff
View the documentHow to use this manual
View the documentLack of appetite
View the documentFever
View the documentCoughs and colds
View the documentDiarrhea
View the documentDehydration
View the documentBloat
View the documentConstipation
View the documentPoisoning
View the documentInternal parasites: Stomach and gut worms
View the documentLiverflukes
View the documentTick infestation
View the documentScabies (mange)
View the documentLice
View the documentFungus infections of the skin
View the documentInfectious diseases
View the documentFoot rot
View the documentEye diseases
View the documentWounds
View the documentBleeding
View the documentSnake bite
View the documentSprains
View the documentDifficulty in urinating
View the documentHousing
View the documentFeeding
View the documentMineral deficiency
View the documentBreeding
View the documentPregnancy and birthing
View the documentCare of mother animals after birthing
View the documentCare of newborn
View the documentUdder infection
View the documentDecreased milk flow


Life cycle of liverfluke


· Anemia. The first symptom is a pale color of the skin, snout, nostrils and gums. The flesh is pale.
· Gradual loss of weight.
· Repeated diarrhea.
· Swollen face ("bottle neck").
· Reduced milk production.
· Animal gets tired easily.
· Animal may die because of internal bleeding and anemia.


Liverflukes are leaf-shaped worms that live in the animal's liver. They are spread by snails that live in the pasture. The liverfluke larvae stick to grasses and are eaten by the animals. The chances of infection are high if snails are common in the area.


Animals of all ages can suffer from liverflukes. The disease is common in low-lying, waterlogged areas, rivers, streams and stagnant pools. It occurs in all seasons.


· Deworm the animals at regular intervals, usually 3-4 times a year. Farmers in the Philippines use this remedy: Grind 8-10 mature nuts of Areca cafechu. Add ½- l liter of water. Give the mixture to the animal as drench in divided doses or part by part for 3 days. Repeat the medication after 3 weeks. (Philippines. 1, 2)

· Because animals may have liverflukes without showing any symptom, deworm all animals of a herd if liverflukes are found in an animal when it is slaughtered.

· Raise ducks to eat the snails.

· Improve the pasture. Cover stagnant pools with soil to prevent snails from breeding.

· Keep animals away from areas with many snails and from infested grasses.

· If the animal's condition does not improve a week after deworming, seek professional help.