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close this bookEthnoveterinary Medicine in Asia - Ruminants (IIRR, 1994, 143 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentCollaborating organizations
View the documentParticipants and workshop staff
View the documentHow to use this manual
View the documentLack of appetite
View the documentFever
View the documentCoughs and colds
View the documentDiarrhea
View the documentDehydration
View the documentBloat
View the documentConstipation
View the documentPoisoning
View the documentInternal parasites: Stomach and gut worms
View the documentLiverflukes
View the documentTick infestation
View the documentScabies (mange)
View the documentLice
View the documentFungus infections of the skin
View the documentInfectious diseases
View the documentFoot rot
View the documentEye diseases
View the documentWounds
View the documentBleeding
View the documentSnake bite
View the documentSprains
View the documentDifficulty in urinating
View the documentHousing
View the documentFeeding
View the documentMineral deficiency
View the documentBreeding
View the documentPregnancy and birthing
View the documentCare of mother animals after birthing
View the documentCare of newborn
View the documentUdder infection
View the documentDecreased milk flow

Eye diseases


Early stages

· Watery discharge from the eye.
· Partly or totally closed eye.
· Swollen eye.
· Eye is reddish.

Late stages

· Yellowish discharge from the eye.
· The eye is covered with a thick, whitish film.

Eye diseases


· Attack in eye by insects.
· Injuries to the eye.
· Infectious diseases such as pink eye.
· Vitamin A deficiency.
· Allergic reactions.
· Foreign bodies in the eye.
· Snake poison.


· Feed green fodder to prevent Vitamin A deficiency.
· Separate animal with infectious eye diseases from the rest of the herd.


Continue using any of these suggested remedies for 5 days unless the duration of treatment is stated. If symptoms persist after treatment, contact a professional (local expert, respected healer or veterinarian).

· Boil 2-3 handfuls of fresh Punica granatum leaves in 56 cups of water for 10 minutes. Wash the eye with the liquid twice a day for 3-4 days. (Sri Lanka. 1, 2, 3, 4)

· Squeeze a fresh stem of Euphorbia hirta Put 5-10 drops into the infected eye once a day. (Indonesia. 1, 2, 5)

· Wash the eye with Cocos nucifera (young coconut) water 2-3 times a day for 3-5 days. (lndonesia. 1, 2, 3)

· Boil 5 leaves of Piper betle (betel pepper) in 500 ml of water and cool. Use as an eye-wash twice a day for 35 days. (Indonesia. 1, 2, 3)

· Peel a mature Aloe vera leaf and extract the pulp. Apply the extract as an eye ointment 3 times a day for 3-5 days. (Philippines. 1, 2, 4)

· Boil a handful of Jasminum sambac flowers in a glass of water. Put 3-5 drops of the liquid in the affected eye 3 times a day for 3 days. (Philippines. 1, 2, 4)

· Pound a handful of Ocimum sanctum leaves. Squeeze the extract and apply 3-4 drops in the eye twice a day. (India. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

· Squeeze the juice of 10 fresh Coccinia grandis leaves. Apply 3-5 drops into the eye twice a day. (Thailand. 1, 2, 3, 4)

· Crush 1 medium-sized, dried Sapindus rarak fruit Put the powder in a small whisky or Coca-Cola bottle (200 ml) and fill ¾ of the bottle with rain water. Shake well and take the foam out. Blow the foam from your palm into the animal's eye twice a day for 4-5 days. (Thailand. 1, 2, 3, 5)

Treatment with Sapindus rarak

Treatment for keratitis or opacity of the eye

· Desmodium triflorum (fresh leaves). Acorus calamus (dried root). Curcuma domestica (fine powder of dried rhizome). Egg shell (very fine powder).

Grind the ingredients separately to very fine powder. Mix i/. teaspoonful of each of the ingredients and apply inside the upper eyelid once a day. (Sri Lanka. 1, 2)