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close this bookEthnoveterinary Medicine in Asia - Ruminants (IIRR, 1994, 143 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentCollaborating organizations
View the documentParticipants and workshop staff
View the documentHow to use this manual
View the documentLack of appetite
View the documentFever
View the documentCoughs and colds
View the documentDiarrhea
View the documentDehydration
View the documentBloat
View the documentConstipation
View the documentPoisoning
View the documentInternal parasites: Stomach and gut worms
View the documentLiverflukes
View the documentTick infestation
View the documentScabies (mange)
View the documentLice
View the documentFungus infections of the skin
View the documentInfectious diseases
View the documentFoot rot
View the documentEye diseases
View the documentWounds
View the documentBleeding
View the documentSnake bite
View the documentSprains
View the documentDifficulty in urinating
View the documentHousing
View the documentFeeding
View the documentMineral deficiency
View the documentBreeding
View the documentPregnancy and birthing
View the documentCare of mother animals after birthing
View the documentCare of newborn
View the documentUdder infection
View the documentDecreased milk flow


Bleeding can be external or internal. External bleeding is usually a result of wounds due to cuts, bruises, insect bites, ulcers, skin parasites and foot-and-mouth disease infections. Internal bleeding is usually caused by viruses, parasites and bacteria in the udder, uterus, digestive and respiratory systems.

Blood in the milk indicates udder infection. Blood in the mucus from the nose may be due to respiratory tract infection.


External bleeding

1. Stop the bleeding.

Try any one or more of the following ways to stop bleeding. If bleeding does not stop, apply a tourniquet.

· Crush fresh leaves of sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum) or holy basil (Ocimum sanctum) or neem (Azadirachta indica).

Apply the pulp to the wound using a tight bandage. Any clean cloth will do. (India. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

· Fill the wound completely with powdered turmeric (Curcuma domestica) rhizome. (India. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

· Apply alum crystals. (India, Sri Lanka. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

· Apply powdered tea leaves. (India. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

· Mix sugar and fresh grated ginger rhizome in equal proportions. Apply on a bandage or cloth and tie the cloth over the wound. (India. I, 2, 3, 4)

· Apply an ice pack. (India, Sri Lanka 1, 2, 3)

· Apply a decoction of 1 handful of Eugenia jambolana bark boiled in l liter of water. Wash the wound with the liquid and hold a clean cloth over it for a few minutes. (India. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

· Press the flowers of the palmyra tree (Borassus flabellifer) to the wound. Hold the flowers in place for a few minutes. (India. 1, 2, 3, 4)

· Crush blades of Cynodon dactylon grass. Apply the juice to the wounds. (India, Sri Lanka. 1, 2, 3, 4)

· Powder mango tree Mangifera indica) bark and place it on the wound. (India. 1, 2, 3, 4,5)

· Powder the bark of a banyan tree (Ficus bengalensis). Apply to the wound. (India. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

· Pound fresh leaves of Eupatorium odoratum Apply the pounded leaves to completely cover and fill the wound. (Thailand. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

Use of a tourniquet

If the wound on the legs or tail is large or continues to bleed, tie a tight bandage or clean cloth above the point of bleeding. Loosen the bandage every 20-30 hours to allow blood to reach the limb below (if you do not do this, the limb may turn black and the flesh may die). If the bleeding does not stop, seek professional help.

2. Once bleeding stops, clean the wound. Apply medicine. Suture if necessary. (See section on Wounds, page 75.)

3. If the wound has maggots, apply crushed fresh leaves of Annona squamosa. (For further remedies, see section on Wounds.) (All countries. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

Internal Bleeding

If blood is present in the milk or the mucus from the nose:

· See the treatment of udder infection in Udder infection.

· Make a cut along the length of a banana and fill this with ½ teaspoon of camphor powder. Feed the banana to the animal twice a day for 3-4 days. (India, Sri Lanka. 1, 2, 3, 4)

Use blood coagulants such as Saraca indica bark, Actinopetris fennis, Jatropha curcas, Plumbago zeylanica or Terminalia arjuna.

Scientific name

Parts used



Actinopetris fennis

Fresh leaves

Use any of the plants.

Drench 200 ml twice a day for 3-5 days.

Jatropha curcas

Fresh leaves

Take 100 g of the plant part

Plumbago zeylanica

Dry bark

the plant part specified and

Terminalia arjuna

Dry bark

prepare a decoction in 1 liter of water.