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close this bookEthnoveterinary Medicine in Asia - Ruminants (IIRR, 1994, 143 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentCollaborating organizations
View the documentParticipants and workshop staff
View the documentHow to use this manual
View the documentLack of appetite
View the documentFever
View the documentCoughs and colds
View the documentDiarrhea
View the documentDehydration
View the documentBloat
View the documentConstipation
View the documentPoisoning
View the documentInternal parasites: Stomach and gut worms
View the documentLiverflukes
View the documentTick infestation
View the documentScabies (mange)
View the documentLice
View the documentFungus infections of the skin
View the documentInfectious diseases
View the documentFoot rot
View the documentEye diseases
View the documentWounds
View the documentBleeding
View the documentSnake bite
View the documentSprains
View the documentDifficulty in urinating
View the documentHousing
View the documentFeeding
View the documentMineral deficiency
View the documentBreeding
View the documentPregnancy and birthing
View the documentCare of mother animals after birthing
View the documentCare of newborn
View the documentUdder infection
View the documentDecreased milk flow

Mineral deficiency

Mineral deficiency



· Animal appears starved even when fed abundantly.
· Animal loses weight.
· Animal scratches the ground.
· Loss of appetite.

Specific deficiencies

· Breeding difficulties—repeated breeding is necessary (phosphorus and selenium deficiency).
· Convulsion and staggering (calcium and magnesium deficiency).
· Black-coated animals appear to have brown hair (copper deficiency).
· Enlarged joint (calcium deficiency, in calves).


· Insufficient minerals available to animals.
· Worm infestation.


· Provide salt or mineral block for lick.

· Feed animals fresh grass and leaves.

· Supplement the animal's diet with high nutritive value plants such as sweet potato leaves and amaranth and feeds rich in minerals (see Feeding, page 108).


Give any of the following treatments.

The dosages stated here are for adult cattle. For calves, goats and sheep, give half dosages. For further remedies, see Lack of appetite.

· Mix 5 liters of urine with 2-5 g yeast. Let stand for 24 hours. Dilute with 5 liters of water and give as drink to the animals. Do this daily until the animal regains appetite. (Cambodia. 1, 2, 3, 4)

· Mix 1 liter of palm toddy with ½ liter cattle urine. Drench the animal twice a day until it regains its appetite. (India. 1, 2, 4)

· Mix 1 part limestone powder to 1 part water. Sprinkle the mixture on the fodder ration. Do this daily for 3 days. (Philippines. 1, 2, 3, 4)