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close this bookEthnoveterinary Medicine in Asia - Ruminants (IIRR, 1994, 143 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentCollaborating organizations
View the documentParticipants and workshop staff
View the documentHow to use this manual
View the documentLack of appetite
View the documentFever
View the documentCoughs and colds
View the documentDiarrhea
View the documentDehydration
View the documentBloat
View the documentConstipation
View the documentPoisoning
View the documentInternal parasites: Stomach and gut worms
View the documentLiverflukes
View the documentTick infestation
View the documentScabies (mange)
View the documentLice
View the documentFungus infections of the skin
View the documentInfectious diseases
View the documentFoot rot
View the documentEye diseases
View the documentWounds
View the documentBleeding
View the documentSnake bite
View the documentSprains
View the documentDifficulty in urinating
View the documentHousing
View the documentFeeding
View the documentMineral deficiency
View the documentBreeding
View the documentPregnancy and birthing
View the documentCare of mother animals after birthing
View the documentCare of newborn
View the documentUdder infection
View the documentDecreased milk flow

Lack of appetite


· Weight loss.
· Tiredness.
· Lack of energy.
· Dullness and listlessness.


· Low quality feed.
· Overworked animal.
· Hot weather.
· Irregular feeding time. Infectious diseases.
· Wounds.
· Worms.
· Stomach trouble.
· Stress.
· Fever.


In the dry season, when the fodder quality is low, Thai farmers give this supplement as an appetizer.

1. Pound and grind together 5 kg mature Terminalia chebula fruits, 5 kg mature Phyllanthus emblica fruits and 600 g salt.

2. Put the mixture in a big container.

3. Pour 15 liters of bovine urine over the mixture.

4. Ferment (i.e., let stand) for 20 days.

5. Once fermented, drench the animal with 600 ml once a day until it regains its appetite. (Northeast Thailand 1,2,3,4)


Use any of these practices.

· Gently rub the animal's tongue with a stick or an iron bar to stimulate salivation.

· Change the feed.

· Mix 500 ml juice of tamarind fruit pulp with 10 g dried Terminalia chebula fruit. Feed this to a large ruminant once a day until it regains appetite. For a small ruminant, use 200 ml tamarind pulp juice.

Animal's treatment

· Mix together 60 g each of powdered ginger, powdered fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) seeds, brown sugar and 20 g black salt. Take enough of the mixture on your finger and rub on the animal's tongue. Do this every day until the animal regains appetite. (India. 1, 2, 3, 4)

· Pound together 10 g salt and 10 g Trachyspermum ami seeds. Mix with 20 g molasses and feed to the animal twice a day for 2-3 days. (India. 1, 2, 3, 4)

· Grind together 10 g salt and 10 g Trachyspermum ami seeds. Mix with ¼. liter coconut water. Drench twice a day for 2-3 days. (India. 1, 2, 3, 4)

· Drench i/. liter buttermilk twice a day for 2 days. (India. 1, 2, 3, 4)

· Mix 1 tablespoon soy sauce, 100 ml water and 50 g shrimp paste. Feed the animal once a day for 3 days. (Indonesia. 1, 2)

To make the animal gain weight

Mix 1 handful each of fresh Tinospora a rumphii vine, Cassia siamea leaves and Morinda citrifolia leaves, the grated meat from 1 mature coconut and a handful of salt in 10 liters of water. Let stand for 2 nights. Feed about 1 liter of this mixture to the animal every other morning. After feeding, give lots of water. (Thailand. 1, 2)

To make the animal active

Pound and grind together 100 g Tinospora rumphii vine and 100 g galangal (Alpina galanga) roots. Mix with 200 g cooked rice. Make into a ball. Feed this to the animal once a day for 3 days. (Thailand. 1, 2)

Cooking treatments for animals