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close this bookFact sheet No 178: Reducing Mortality from Major Killers of Children - Revised September 1998 (WHO, 1998, 7 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntegrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI)
View the documentPneumonia: correct management could save over 1 million lives per year
View the documentDiarrhoea: correct management could save nearly 1.8 million lives per year
View the documentMeasles: effective prevention and treatment could save 700 000 lives per year
View the documentMalaria: correct management could save 500 000 lives per year
View the documentMalnutrition: improved feeding practices could save 800 000 lives per year
View the documentOther prevention activities
View the documentResearch and development
View the documentImproving health systems
View the documentImproving health worker skills
View the documentImproving family practices

Research and development

WHO ensures that in selecting research priorities, practical needs are paramount. WHO has drawn up a list of future research priorities related to IMCI. While much of this research is concerned with biomedical questions, there is also a need for operational research to address the effectiveness of the treatment guidelines and of interventions for disease prevention, and for further behavioural research on issues such as encouraging parents to seek treatment for their children and adapting advice on feeding to local conditions. The following are a few examples of areas where more information is needed:

· Detection and management of anaemia and meningitis;
· Management of malnutrition and feeding problems, in both health facility and community settings;
· Management of severe disease in young infants (under two months of age);
· Family and community patterns of care-seeking for sick children.