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close this bookBetter Farming Series 06 - The Soil: How to Improve the Soil (FAO - INADES, 1976, 29 p.)
close this folderPlan of work
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentManure (dung)
View the documentCompost
View the documentGreen manure
Open this folder and view contentsFertilizers
View the documentHow to read a label
View the documentApplying fertilizers

(introduction...)

FIRST WEEK
Manure, compost, green manure.

· Read pages 4 to 8.
· Do they make manure and compost where you live?
· To understand what manure does look at Booklet No. 4, page 22.
· Do you know why you should both grow crops and raise animals?

SECOND WEEK
Fertilizers.

· Read pages 4 to 14.
· Study pages 4 to 8 about manure, compost and green manure once again.
· It is very important to understand clearly what fertilizers do, and to know how to read the label on a sack of fertilizer.
· How do they use fertilizers where you live?

THIRD WEEK

· Irrigation, drainage.
· Read pages 15 to 20.
· Do they use irrigation where you live?
· Can they use irrigation?
· What is a less tiring way of lifting water?
· Can they make dams where you live?
· Do you fully understand what water does in the soil? Look at Booklet No. 4, page 29.

FOURTH WEEK

Grubbing treas.
· Read pages 21 to 28.
· Does grubbing trees make the harvests better?
· How do they clear the land where you live?
· Look again at Booklet No, 5, page 20 where it deals with brush fires.

You must understand that brush fires are bad.
· Reread the whole course.
· Answer the question paper.

HOW TO IMPROVE THE SOIL .

Many soils are poor and do not yield a good harvest.

A modern farmer improves his soil.
· He gives it mineral salts (see Booklet No. 1, page 19);
· He improves its structure (see Booklet No. 4, page 24) by giving it humus.

Many soils are difficult to work.
· The soil is too dry or too wet.

The farmer improves the soil by irrigation and drainage.
· The land is full of trees.

The farmer grubs the trees.

HOW TO IMPROVE SOIL FERTILITY
Plants grow by taking mineral salts from the soil.
A plant that finds plenty of mineral salts in the soil grows quickly.
You must give the soil mineral salts. Manure, compost, fertilizers all add mineral salts to the soil.