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close this bookBoiling Point No. 33 - May 1994 Number 33 (ITDG - ITDG, 1994, 36 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentHousehold energy developments in Asia
View the documentAsian stove programmes as seen by ARECOP
View the documentStove work in Nepal
View the documentNepal's Community Forestry Development Programme
View the documentThe Anagi - successful Sri Lankan stove
View the documentNext steps for Sri Lanka stove programmes
View the documentCookstove programme in Indonesia
View the documentKerala's 'Parishad' chulha programme
View the documentMagan Chulha - Kallupatti - Sukad
View the documentThe Philippines Improved Stove Programme, 1995-2000
View the documentThe Vientiane energy switch
View the documentAsian Regional Wood Energy Development Programme - An uncertain future?
View the documentGTZ news
View the documentWhat makes people cook with improved stoves?
View the documentA steel and concrete stove for Nicaragua
View the documentZimbabwe's 'Sloven' woodstove
View the documentBetter biomass residue fuel cakes
View the documentPhotovoltaics for Senegal
View the documentEthanol stoves for Mauritius
View the documentWill people change their diets to save fuel?
View the documentNews
View the documentR&D News
View the documentPublications
View the documentLetters

Household energy developments in Asia

As is the case in Africa (see Boiling Point No. 29), most Asian countries are still heavily dependent on biomass fuels for meeting basic needs such as cooking, space heating, and energy for small industries.

Improved cooking stove (ICS) programmes are found throughout the continent. The national-level programmes in India and China enjoy high levels of government involvement and investment, and millions of improved stoves have been disseminated. Elsewhere, programmes are found primarily in the domain of non-government organizations, although, as in the Philippines, there is growing government support. There is also significant regional backing for ICS programmes, both through ARECOP, based in Indonesia, and through the Regional Wood Energy Development Programme (RWEDP) at the FAO in Bangkok.

Parts of Asia are experiencing the highest rates of economic development in the world, fueled by increased consumption of conventional sources of energy. There are some urban communities, such as Vientiane, which are changing rapidly to electricity or other high-grade fuels. Despite this, biomass will continue to be the main source of fuel for poor people in rural areas. As a result, ICS programmes remain of paramount importance in the energy policies of Asian nations. We hope that this issue of Boiling Point will serve to facilitate and augment the sharing of experiences among agencies involved in ICS programmes throughout Asia.

The Asia-Regional Cookstoves Programme Network