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close this bookBoiling Point No. 45 - Low-cost Electrification for Household Energy (ITDG - ITDG, 2000, 44 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentPreface
View the documentTheme editorial: Low-cost electrification; the need for access to energy services
View the documentRural energy development: an integrated approach in Nepal
View the documentGaining ground in community micro-hydro power development in Kenya
View the documentRural electrification in Nepal: Experiences of an integrative social contextual approach
View the documentFuel for lighting; an expensive commodity
View the documentDemand side management for rural Nepal
View the document‘Micro-privatising’ rural power distribution - mass produced community development in Orissa, India
View the documentGTZ pages
View the documentElectricity for the Urban Poor
View the documentWindpower: Small is beautiful
View the documentManagement of sustainable photovoltaic solar energy in the semi-arid region of the State of Pernambuco, Brazil
View the documentTariffs for rural grid electrification
View the documentFrom candles to compact fluorescents
View the documentConsumer response to mobile solar water heating in the low-income sector, South Africa
View the documentClay Grate Development in Chibau Khera, India
View the documentWhat’s happening in household energy?
View the documentPublications & Letters
View the documentITDG energy news


In this edition...

IT Consultants (ITC) is the consulting arm of the Intermediate Technology Development Group; a resume of the work of ITC can be seen on the back page of this issue. Our theme editor for this edition is Dr Rona Wilkinson, who is Energy Programme Manager for ITC. Her work includes project management, facilitating and running workshops/training sessions, and policy advice and dissemination, within the areas of renewable energy and rural electrification - we are very pleased that she agreed to be theme editor for this edition. As this is such a new field for Boiling Point, most of the edition is theme material - but please don’t miss two excellent articles at the end - again on important subjects which have not been addressed lately, A very practical article on making low-cost grates to improve combustion efficiency of stoves, and another article on passive solar heating of water.

Editorial and Production Team

Elizabeth Bates

- Editor

Rona Wilkinson

- Theme editor

Karin Roeske

- GTZ representative

Cornelia Sepp & Annette Emrich

- GTZ editors

Smail Khennas

- Senior energy specialist; French resume author

Carole Trigg

- Administration secretary

Tamsyn Barton

- Head of Technology unit

Back issues of Boiling Point

If you would like a copy of any back issues, please contact us. Multiple copies will be charged at £2 per copy plus postage. A detailed index of all Roiling Point articles is also available. Boiling Point appears on the CD-Rom ‘Humanity Development Library’, with an excellent search facility.

For further information contact Human Info NGO and Humanity CD Ltd, Oosterveldlaan 196, B-2610 Antwerp, Belgium. Tel: 32-3-448-05-54 Fax: 32-3-449-75-74 or e-mail <>

20 - Non-biomass Stoves

21 - Stoves, Energy and the Environment

22 - Other Uses for Stoves

23 - Measures of Success

24 - Solar Energy

25 - Funding for Stove Programmes

26 - Technology and Design Transfer

27 - Women, Woodfuel, Work and Welfare

28 - Biomass Combustion, Chimneys and Hoods

29 - Household Energy Developments in Southern and East Africa

30 - Sales and Subsidies

31 - Clays for Stoves

32 - Energy for the Household

33 - Household Energy Developments in Asia

34 - Smoke Removal

35 - How Much Can NGOs Achieve

36 - Solar Energy in the Home

37 - Household Energy in Emergency Situations

38 - Household Energy in High Cold Regions

39 - Using Biomass Residues for Energy

40 - Household energy and health

41 - Household energy: the urban dimension

42 - Household energy and the environment

43 - Fuel options for household energy

44 - Linking household energy with other development objectives

Technical enquiries to ITDG

If you have any technical enquiries, ITDG’s Technical Enquiry Service should be able to help you. ITDG has extensive contacts worldwide, and can respond on a wide variety of development topics. A unit specializing in energy topics is particularly able to help in the household energy field.

Please send all enquiries to:

The Technical Enquiry Service,
Intermediate Technology Development Group, Schumacher
Centre for Technology & Development, Bourton Hall, Bourton on Dunsmore, Rugby, CV23 9QZ, UK
Tel: +44 (0)1788 661100, Fax: +44 (0)1788 661101
(Please give your postal, as well as your email address)

Contributions to Boiling Point

You are invited to send articles for the next two issues of Boiling Point, the themes of which will be:

· BP46: Household energy and the vulnerable. For those people and communities who have particular needs, access to household energy may be a major factor in their lives. This edition of Boiling Point will be dedicated to looking at those problems and possible coping strategies. BP46 will look at sectors of the community for whom access to energy is a particular problem such as: the elderly who are alone; children who have to fend for themselves; people with physical and mental disabilities; those who suffer long-term illness. The edition will also look at vulnerable communities, for example: those which are particularly isolated, and for whom climatic changes have had a major adverse impact; those urban communities for whom no formal tenancy arrangements, or their status, make access to energy difficult.

· BP47: Household energy and enterprise. For many people, the income that they generate comes from work done at the household level. The energy involved in these enterprises can be a substantial part of their household energy needs - such as for commercial baking, food processing, crop drying, producing street foods etc. Others may make a living providing energy for household use. This edition will look at ways in which energy and enterprise are related within the household context.

Articles should be no more than 1500 words in length. Illustrations, such as drawings, photographs, graphs and bar charts, are essential. Articles can be submitted as typescripts, on disc (preferably WORD), or by e-mail.

All correspondence should be addressed to: Boiling Point Editor, Intermediate Technology, Schumacher Centre for Technology & Development, Bourton Hall, Bourton on Dunsmore, Rugby, CV23 9QZ, UK, or by e-mail to <>

Boiling Point is the journal of the Intermediate Technology Development Group’s Energy programme, and the Household Energy Programme (HEP) of GTZ, Germany. Typesetting by My Word!, Rugby, printing by Neil Terry Printing, Rugby.

Opinions expressed in contributory articles are those of the authors, and not necessarily those of ITDG or GTZ. We do not charge a subscription to Boiling Point, but would welcome donations to cover the cost of production and dispatch.

Cover photo: Installation of power lines and street lighting from micro-hydro, Peru (ITDG Peru K1.10)