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close this bookTraining for Elected Leadership - The Councillor as Policy-maker (HABITAT, 1994, 20 p.)
close this folderPart I: Essay - The councillor policy-maker
View the documentDefinition
View the documentSummary
View the documentReflection
View the documentConcepts and ideas
View the documentPro-active policy-making
View the documentGoals®Policies®Strategies
View the documentWho gets involved in policy-making?
View the documentReflection
View the documentThe policy facilitator
View the documentKey points
View the documentReferences


1. Sometimes the term “legislator” is used to define the policy-making role. Leadership While it is true that the legislator is one who makes laws (or policies), the legislative role is too limited in interpretation to define what a councillor does; nor, does the term “advocate” adequately define the policy-making role. While advocacy may be expressed through policy stands, being an advocate for your constituents means much more.

2. French, Jim, “Reflections on public office,” Texas Town and City, May 1992, p. 28.

3. Neu, Carl H., Jr. and Ethredge, Jack, “Community-sensible governance: the emerging political reality of the 21st century,” National Civic Review, Fall 1991, p.381.

4. For more information on this experience and others of a similar nature, see Public Technology, Inc., Strategies for Cities and Counties: A Strategic Planning Guide (Washington, D.C., Public Technology, Inc.), undated.

5. Naisbitt, John, Megatrends: Ten New Directions Transforming Our Lives (New York, Warner Books, 1982).

6. Neu, Carl H., Jr., “Strategic governance: a community integration process,” National Civic Review, Summer 1988, pp. 139-140.

7. Svara, James H., Official Leadership in the City (New York, Oxford, 1990), p. 151