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close this bookBasic Husbandry Practices and Veterinary Care (IIRR, 1996, 60 p.)
View the documentForeword
View the documentBody parts of farm animals
View the documentNames of farm animals
View the documentFarm animals and their young
View the documentLivestock production
View the documentReproduction of poultry
View the documentBreeding
View the documentCare of calves and kids at birth
View the documentCare of piglets
View the documentFeeding orphaned animals
View the documentNutrition
View the documentDeworming
View the documentVaccination
View the documentCastration
View the documentHoof trimming
View the documentDehorning
View the documentClipping milk teeth of piglets
View the documentDisinfection of pen and equipment
View the documentWaste management and disposal
View the documentPesticides

Feeding orphaned animals

Provide a foster mother to orphaned animals. If a foster mower is not available, prepare supplemental feed.

Cattle and goats

Supplemental feed for young orphaned calves and kids:

- 1 gallon of caracow's milk
- a pinch of Neomycin
- 1 egg white
- 1 tsp vegetable oil

When about 2 weeks old, add solid food in the form of small amounts of concentrate. Allow the young animal to gradually nibble soft forage.


A mixture of the following can be used as supplemental feed for young orphaned piglets:

- 1 quart of cow's milk
- 4 tbsp of syrup made from boiled mixture of water and sugar
- 1 egg
- a pinch of Neomycin

Here's how to feed orphaned piglets with the supplemental feed:

1. Hold the piglet by the head.

2. Insert your clean little finger into the piglet's mouth.

3. Gradually lower the piglet's head into a bowl of prepared supplemental feed. The piglet will start to suck. This procedure also applies to calves and kids.

4. Continue feeding piglets until they can be switched to a dry pre-starter ration.

For cattle, goats and pigs, the new mother will not usually allow the animals for adoption to suck her milk. If you see this, do the following:

- Rub the whole body of the animals for adoption and the young of the foster mother with any of the following:

-urine of the foster mother
-milk. of the foster mower

Rubbing the body

Keep the foster young animals in a box together, with the young of the foster mother, so their smells will blend.