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close this bookRegenerative Agriculture Technologies for the Hill Farmers of Nepal: An Information Kit (IIRR, 1992, 210 p.)
close this folderRegenerative agriculture in the hills of Nepal
View the documentSome Characteristics of a Regenerative Agriculture System
View the documentChallenges of Subsistence Hill Agriculture
View the documentSelecting Agricultural Technologies for the Hills: The Imperatives of Mountain Conditions
View the documentSeasonality Issues of Household Food Security
View the documentBasics of Creating and Maintaining a Healthy, Living Soil
View the documentSun... Air.... Soil.... Water

Sun... Air.... Soil.... Water

An interplay of sun, air, soil and water determines the kinds of plant that will grow naturally in you garden.

SUN. Most plants need some sun but many grow best in the shade. Carefully observe the space for your garden - which places get more sun, which places are always in the shade. During the winter sun rises from a different place and comes at a lower angle.

WIND. Wind is a strong force. It can dry your soil, carry away loose topsoil and dislodge plants a trees, specially together with rain. Carefully locate large trees, as branches may break (especially quick-growing trees). Low hedges with shrubs or pruned trees can protect the garden, provide protection from animals and produce food, fodder or fuelwood.

RAIN. How long your rainy season is and how much water you use at your home will be very important to consider while choosing plants for the garden. If the soil is always under a cover of living plants or mulches, water loss is very low. Sandy soils get wet quickly but dry very soon. So, how much water you need depends on soil, too. Be careful of spots in your garden which get waterlogged; most plants do not survive in poorly drained spots.

SOIL. Which crops will do well in your garden will be determined largely by physical (sand, clay, silt, loam) and chemical (acid, alkaline, saline, presence of nutrients) properties; but the most important factor is biological. If many kinds of worms and insects, fungi and other microorganism. are active in your soil, it is an ideal growing medium for living plants. To create such a living soil, need to maintain a balance of air/water in the soil and protect it from excessive heat and cold.

... And CARE

Like all living things, plants need and respond to attention and love. While planning the garden and selecting the plants you will grow, you must consider how much time you can spare each day for garden work.


Sun, air, soil and water