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close this bookEthnoveterinary Medicine in Asia - Ruminants (IIRR, 1994, 143 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentCollaborating organizations
View the documentParticipants and workshop staff
View the documentHow to use this manual
View the documentLack of appetite
View the documentFever
View the documentCoughs and colds
View the documentDiarrhea
View the documentDehydration
View the documentBloat
View the documentConstipation
View the documentPoisoning
View the documentInternal parasites: Stomach and gut worms
View the documentLiverflukes
View the documentTick infestation
View the documentScabies (mange)
View the documentLice
View the documentFungus infections of the skin
View the documentInfectious diseases
View the documentFoot rot
View the documentEye diseases
View the documentWounds
View the documentBleeding
View the documentSnake bite
View the documentSprains
View the documentDifficulty in urinating
View the documentHousing
View the documentFeeding
View the documentMineral deficiency
View the documentBreeding
View the documentPregnancy and birthing
View the documentCare of mother animals after birthing
View the documentCare of newborn
View the documentUdder infection
View the documentDecreased milk flow


Lice in ruminants is a result of bad sanitation.


· Itchiness.

· Animals scratch or rub their bodies against trees or posts, their pens and other objects.

· In ruminants, lice eggs concentrate at the tip of the tail, the hair inside the ears and the hair around the eyes.

· However, in buffaloes, lice also spreads all over the body.


· Keep animals clean by washing them.
· Allow buffaloes to wallow every day. (All countries. 1, 2, 3)
· Drive animals into the sea once a month for about l/2 hour. (Philippines, Sri Lanka. 1, 2, 3)
· Shave the affected parts of buffaloes. (Philippines. 1, 2, 3, 4)


All of the preventive measures listed above can also be used as treatments. Or you can:

Lice (A)

Lice (B)

· Finely pound together 1 kg of tobacco leaves, 500 g of sugar apple (Annona squamosa) seeds and 500 g of neem (Azadirachta indica) leaves. Mix all the ingredients together in ½ liter of water. Stir until well mixed. Let stand for 1 hour. Then smear the mixture on the affected areas of the animal's body. After 8 hours, the lice will die. (Thailand. 1, 2, 3, 4)

· Mix powdered chalk, salt and soap with a little water and smear the paste on the affected parts.