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close this bookEthnoveterinary Medicine in Asia - Ruminants (IIRR, 1994, 143 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentCollaborating organizations
View the documentParticipants and workshop staff
View the documentHow to use this manual
View the documentLack of appetite
View the documentFever
View the documentCoughs and colds
View the documentDiarrhea
View the documentDehydration
View the documentBloat
View the documentConstipation
View the documentPoisoning
View the documentInternal parasites: Stomach and gut worms
View the documentLiverflukes
View the documentTick infestation
View the documentScabies (mange)
View the documentLice
View the documentFungus infections of the skin
View the documentInfectious diseases
View the documentFoot rot
View the documentEye diseases
View the documentWounds
View the documentBleeding
View the documentSnake bite
View the documentSprains
View the documentDifficulty in urinating
View the documentHousing
View the documentFeeding
View the documentMineral deficiency
View the documentBreeding
View the documentPregnancy and birthing
View the documentCare of mother animals after birthing
View the documentCare of newborn
View the documentUdder infection
View the documentDecreased milk flow

Snake bite


An animal bitten by a snake may show several signs:

· An animal that has just been bitten may bolt or jump suddenly.

· You may notice a wound and a swollen area, usually on the leg or face. When the affected area is pressed, blood will seep from the base of the hairs.

· The animal appears anxious.

· It has muscle contractions.

· Its hair stands on end.

· The animal stands very tensely, with a curved back.

· The animal may bleed from the nostrils.

· Its urine may be red.

· In an acute case, the animal will die within 30 minutes.

Emergency treatments

· Apply a tourniquet above the wound (for leg bites only). See section on Bleeding (page 82) for how to use a tourniquet.

· Locate the bite marks, make a deep cut over the mark in line with the muscle tissue and let the wound bleed freely.

· Put your mouth to the wound and suck out the poison. Be sure to spit out the poison. (Caution: Do not do this if you have a wound or sore in your mouth.)

· Keep the animal still.

· In some countries, farmers apply red ants to the bite area.

Emergency treatments


· Pound, press and strain the juice from a handful of leaves of Barleria lupulina, mix with 50 ml of whisky and give as a drench. Also, apply the ground leaf material directly to the wound (Thailand. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

· Pound and press the juice from 1 root (about 300 g) of Sansevieria sp. Mix the juice in 1 liter of water that has been used for washing rice. Give as a drench once only. The pounded rhizome of this plant, mixed with 1 liter of water, can also be used as a drench. (Thailand. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

· Rub the bite with an alum stone, lubricated with spit. Do this for 2-3 minutes. (1)

· Boil about 1 kg of Ochna serrulata (multiflora) root in 3 liters of water until only 2 liters remain. Cool and give the fluid as a drench. Once should be enough. (1)

Treatment for a snake bite