|Severe Tropical Storms Preparation and Response - Case Study Text (DHA/UNDRO - DMTP - UNDP, 1991, 58 p.)|
|Part One: Background Information|
Following on from the consultants review, a detailed joint Government/UNDRO analysis recommended that a wide range of measures be taken during the warning period for any cyclone. These fell broadly into the following categories:
1. Activating Province and District emergency operations centres.
2. Closing of schools.
3. Preparation of reception centres for evacuees and displaced people.
4. Evacuation of high risk areas.
5. Broadcast of specific public information on protection measures.
6. Protection for stocks of parts and spares held by public utilities.
7. Protection of public records..
8. Redeployment of staff and equipment at utilities, public works organizations, and hospitals.
9. Provision of alternative power supplies and fuel.
10. Preparing emergency road clearance and bridging equipment.
11. Liaison with major public and private employers, providing information for staff, assisting with protection of essential equipment, and prior purchase agreements for critical supplies.
The study had put special emphasis on the extent to which economic resources could be protected during the warning period, including expedient measures to prevent flood or wind damage to stockpiles of inventory, anchoring and waterproofing machinery and switchgear, protecting records, relocating vehicles, and reinforcing roof fixings on buildings. The study had, however, become a casualty of the debate within central government on restructuring disaster preparedness and planning, and little had been done to follow up its conclusions at the local level
The situation was broadly the same for national level preparedness. The study had recommended an (incomplete) range of actions to be taken at the national level in the warning period. These included
1. Activation of the national emergency operations centre.
2. Mobilization of assessment teams
3. Mobilization of public utility staff, with the formation of task groups responsible for repairing critical damage to telecommunications (particularly the microwave network), electric power supplies for government buildings, hospitals, and other lifeline systems, and major urban water systems.
4. Movement of stocks of repair equipment or substitute items to the periphery of the area of expected damage.
5. Movement of road clearance equipment (bulldozers, cranes, tree-cutting equipment, and logging trailers) to the periphery of the expected zone of impact.
6. Mobilization of road tankers, and other equipment for water distribution.
7. Reinforcing the communications capacity of the Provincial Government offices, including relocation of the new mobile satellite terminals.
8. Dispatch of military and civilian public works vehicles to assist with evacuation of coastal areas, and supply of food and other equipment to evacuation centres.
9. Activation of emergency purchase agreements for tarpaulins, plastic sheeting, roofing materials, and tools.
10. Alerting and mobilizing environmental health teams from the Ministry of Health to augment local health personnel
11. Preparations at the national airport for handling of incoming relief goods (requested or otherwise) from international sources.