What is cholera?
Cholera is an acute diarrhoeal disease caused by the bacterium
Vibrio cholerae. A person can become infected by drinking water or eating
food contaminated by the bacterium. Common sources of infection are raw or
poorly cooked seafood, raw fruit and vegetables, and other foods that have been
contaminated during preparation or storage.
Most episodes of cholera are mild. Persons who have been
infected may have no symptoms or only mild diarrhoea. Others, however, develop
very severe watery diarrhoea and vomiting. The loss of large amounts of fluids
can rapidly lead to severe dehydration causing death - sometimes within three to
four hours - if the patient is not adequately