|Non-formal Vocational Training Programmes for Disadvantaged Youth and their Insertion into the World of Work: Towards a Framework for Analysis and Evaluation (IIEP, 1999, 46 p.)|
|Part I. What is the issue?|
|1. Disadvantaged youth in developing countries|
|2. Disadvantaged youth in a global context|
|2.1 Unemployment trends, demographic growth and approaches to tackle unemployment|
|2.2 The failing links between formal education, training and work in developing countries.|
|2.3 The informal sector|
|Part II. In which ways has the issue evolved?|
|1. The economic crisis and the relativization of issues|
|2. Formal education and training: emerging trends|
|3. Non-formal vocational training: alternative responses|
|3.1 Concept and goals|
|3.2 Institutional nature, management structure and financing schemes|
|3.3 Programme types|
|3.4 Training modalities|
|3.5 The relative power of non-formal structures|
|Part III. Developing a framework for the study and evaluation of non-formal vocational training programmes|
|1. Features of 'successful' programmes|
|2. Innovative strategies and approaches|
|3. What does 'sustainability' mean in this context?|
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IIEP Occasional Paper No. 83
This paper was written with the objective of depicting effective strategies and approaches that are being used in relation to the non-formal training and the insertion into work of an increasingly large population of disadvantaged youth that remains unemployed or underemployed in the rural towns or urban centres of the developing world. Concretely, how can disadvantaged youth be best prepared for engaging in self-sustaining work activities? Which agencies seem to be making a difference in this direction? Which approaches and/or strategies stand out as bearing on the steering of 'disadvantaged youth' into the world of work? These are some of the main questions that have guided this paper.
Ana Cristina Leonardos has taught at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (Brazil). She has done work on the study and evaluation of innovative educational programmes (formal and non-formal sectors). She is also the author of 'Effective strategies and approaches for reaching street and working children through education: reviewing recent developments', published by IIEP in 1995. She is now a project manager at the Evaluation Centre of the CESGRANRIO Foundation and teaches at the University of Brasilia.